Transportation and Communication

Transportation and communication made people's lives easier.

Transportation and Communication before the Industrial Revolution

Before the Industrial Revolution, transportation was limited to domesticated animals and wagons. If you didn't own a horse, mule, or wagon, then you had to walk everywhere. It took a lot of time and energy to get where you wanted to go. Before the Industrial Revolution, it was difficult to communicate with others especially when trying to talk to someone in another country. News was spread by travellers or through messengers
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TRANSPORTATION DURING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Turnpikes

As production increased, entrepreneurs needed to find a way to transport goods in a more efficient way. Enrepreneurs did this by building private roads called turnpikes. By traveling on turnpikes, you were able to transport goods faster and cheaper. Entrepeneurs earned money by charging the travellers a small fee.

Canals

Factories needed a cheaper and more efficient way to receive coal and raw materials in order to run the factories. They needed these materials to be able to distribute goods to other markets. After the Bridgewater canal was built in 1763, coal prices were cut in half. This canal was so successful that it made many entrepreneurs want to build one and charge a toll to earn profit.

What did George Stephenson develop?

George Stephenson developed steam-powered locomotives to pull carriages along iron rails in the early 1800's.


Steam Engine

The first commercial Steam Engine appeared in1698. Later on, improvements were made so that it could operate to the best of its abilities; therefore, be more successful. The invention of steam engines developed and improved productivity and technology. The engines could be used in water pumping, mining, farms, railways and vehicles.


Communication during the Industrial Revolution

Telegraph and later on the telephone!!

In 1837, the first electrical telegraph instrument was invented by Sir Charles Wheatstone and Sir William F. Cooke in Britain. In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the human voice over a wire, this came to be known as the telephone. Both of these inventions made it easier for people to communicate with others. Railroad stations also benefited because it made it possible to communicate from one station to the next. Another major function of the telegraph and telephone was to enable countries to learn of the different events that were taking place in other countries.

Conclusion

Transportation and communication made the people's lives much easier and more efficient.