Appetizer - Chapter 5 Vocab

Hayley Kraft & Megan Olderbak

Language Vocabulary

Denglish

combination of German and English. ex: Gesundheit

Dialect

 regional variety of a language, distinguished by vocab, spelling, and pronunciation. ex: US, the North says "guys", the South says "yall".

Extinct Language

 a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used. ex: Latin

Isogloss

a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate. ex: the line on the map of southern England

Isolated Language

a language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family. ex: Basque

Lingua franca

a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages. ex: English

Literary tradition

a language that is written as well as spoken. ex: English

Official language

the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents. ex: in Mexico, the official language is Spanish.

Pidgin language

a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages. ex: people learning a bit of another language to communicate

Standard language

the form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications. ex: in America, the standard language is English.