The Gay Rights/Marriage Movement

By: Abbey Ketchum

Homosexuality in America

As we get more into the 21st century, we see that homosexuality has been accepted more and more. However, every acceptance has their drawbacks. Homosexuality includes gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender and more. There will always be the people who can't accept that some of our citizens are attracted to the same sex.

Organizations and Efforts

Many efforts have been made ever since the 1900's. Efforts like organizations, campaigns, art, books and even movies. Two examples of organizations are:

  • Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD.)
  • International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.

These organizations help those of the homosexual community accept their sexual orientation. However, they still educate others about the issues on gay rights, even to those who may not be attracted to the same sex. Those who are for gay rights support the laws that penalize hate crimes. Many people are targeted for their sexual orientation. In the 1950's-1960's, small communities and local organizations were formed and called "Homophile Organizations".

President Clinton signed an act in 1996 that legally defines marriage as "only a legal union between one man and one woman. The community was outraged and claimed that preventing people from getting married, gay or not, is discrimination and violates human rights. Thoughts on gay rights is viewed differently from country to country. For example, Russia does not tolerate or allow gay rights but Canada does. That is the same for the states. They each have their own opinions; good and bad. In 2003, Massachusetts was still on the fence about allowing it or not. However, Vermont gives "Civil Unions" to gay couples which include the same benefits as marriage licenses.

On the other hand, Texas tried to pass a law banning sex between gay couples in June 2003, but the Supreme Court got rid of it. The gay community saw this as a victory.

Responses to Gay Rights

There was a poll in 1998 on peoples opinions about gay rights. Here are the results:

  • 64% said that homosexuality was acceptable.
  • 48% claimed it was morally wrong.
Andrew Sullivan wrote the book, Love Undetectable: Notes on Friendship, Sex, and Survival.

Homosexuality Today

Out of everybody, there will always still be the homophobes and the ones who tear down the walls. But the gay community will still try to gain all rights regarding homosexuality. Every passing day, there is always that glimmer of hope as they continue to gradually grow more and more.


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Gay Rights Protest