The New Deal
AP History-Jasmine Williams Winston
Opponents of the New Deal
- The liberal critics were people of the Democratic party who criticized the New Deal. They felt that it focused too much attention on business instead of the unemployed.
- These critics attacked the New Deal for giving the federal government too much power.
- They believed the WPA and labor laws brought among socialism and communism.
- Some critics acted on the public's desperate needs for solutions to their problems.
- Father Charles E. Coughlin used the radio to reach a mass audience
- Dr. Francis E. Townsend guaranteed economic security for the elderly
- Huey Long redistributing the wealth
The Supreme Court-
- President Roosevelt wants to attempt to get rid of the Court
- Both Republicans and Democrats are upset with this and try to label the president as a dictator
- Many justices started to back off Roosevelt's hasty decision
Rise of Unions
Formation of the C.I.O.-
- Leader John L. Lewis, focused on organizing unskilled workers with union membership in opposition to the American Federation of Labor (A.F. of L)
- At the General Motors plant in Flint, Michigan the workers also want admittance in the union. They acted and went on strike but was beaten and driven away
- There were 4 deaths on Memorial Day due to a demonstration by union picketers at Republic Steel in Chicago
Fair Labor Standards Act-
- The Fair Labor Standards Act was enacted. It established a minimum wage, a maximum workweek of 40 hours and child-labor restrictions on those under 16
Child Labor Amendment in the 1930s
Last Phase of the New Deal
- Government policy was partial to blame. The Social Security tax reduced consumer spending
- Roosevelt had tried balancing the budget
- The Keynesian theory was adopted to increase investment and create more jobs.
Weakened New Deal-
- Problems remained and the people no longer supported Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Conflict between Democrats and Republicans blocked further New Deal reform
Keynesian Theory in 5 min
Stinging Dust and Forgotten Lives: The Dust Bowl (Dust and Farming)
Life During the Depression
- Times became hard, so women began to look for work to provide for their families, to feed and to clothe them.
- They were accused of taking the jobs of men
Dust Bowl Farmers-
- A severe drought ruined many crops in the Great Plains
- The farmers acted and migrated to California in search of farm or factory work
- African Americans had high unemployment rate.
- Some were able to get low-paying jobs with the WPA and CCC.
- Others were appointed to middle-level positions by Roosevelt
- John Collier was appointed commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
- He won Roosevelt's support for a major change in policy
- Like African Americans, Mexican Americans faced discrimination as well.
- Discrimination in the New Deal caused many of them to return to Mexico.