The New Deal

AP History-Jasmine Williams Winston

Opponents of the New Deal

Liberal Critics-

  • The liberal critics were people of the Democratic party who criticized the New Deal. They felt that it focused too much attention on business instead of the unemployed.

Conservative Critics-

  • These critics attacked the New Deal for giving the federal government too much power.
  • They believed the WPA and labor laws brought among socialism and communism.

Demagogues-

  • Some critics acted on the public's desperate needs for solutions to their problems.
  • Father Charles E. Coughlin used the radio to reach a mass audience
  • Dr. Francis E. Townsend guaranteed economic security for the elderly
  • Huey Long redistributing the wealth

The Supreme Court-

  • President Roosevelt wants to attempt to get rid of the Court
  • Both Republicans and Democrats are upset with this and try to label the president as a dictator
  • Many justices started to back off Roosevelt's hasty decision

Demagogue

Rise of Unions

Formation of the C.I.O.-

  • Leader John L. Lewis, focused on organizing unskilled workers with union membership in opposition to the American Federation of Labor (A.F. of L)

Strikes-

  • At the General Motors plant in Flint, Michigan the workers also want admittance in the union. They acted and went on strike but was beaten and driven away
  • There were 4 deaths on Memorial Day due to a demonstration by union picketers at Republic Steel in Chicago

Fair Labor Standards Act-

  • The Fair Labor Standards Act was enacted. It established a minimum wage, a maximum workweek of 40 hours and child-labor restrictions on those under 16
Child Labor Amendment in the 1930s

Last Phase of the New Deal

Recession-

  • Government policy was partial to blame. The Social Security tax reduced consumer spending
  • Roosevelt had tried balancing the budget
  • The Keynesian theory was adopted to increase investment and create more jobs.

Weakened New Deal-

  • Problems remained and the people no longer supported Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Conflict between Democrats and Republicans blocked further New Deal reform
Keynesian Theory in 5 min
Stinging Dust and Forgotten Lives: The Dust Bowl (Dust and Farming)

Life During the Depression

Women-

  • Times became hard, so women began to look for work to provide for their families, to feed and to clothe them.
  • They were accused of taking the jobs of men

Dust Bowl Farmers-

  • A severe drought ruined many crops in the Great Plains
  • The farmers acted and migrated to California in search of farm or factory work

African Americans-

  • African Americans had high unemployment rate.
  • Some were able to get low-paying jobs with the WPA and CCC.
  • Others were appointed to middle-level positions by Roosevelt

Native Americans-

  • John Collier was appointed commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • He won Roosevelt's support for a major change in policy

Mexican Americans-

  • Like African Americans, Mexican Americans faced discrimination as well.
  • Discrimination in the New Deal caused many of them to return to Mexico.