Neodymium (Nd)

The World's Most Attractive Element

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Discovery Of Neodymium

Austrian scientist Carl Auer von Welsbach first identified Neodymium (Nd) through his investigation of the substance Didymium, from which other scientists had previously discovered Samarium and Gadolinium. Due to the painstaking separation process required to isolate the element, with each crystallizing process taking 48 hours, the substance was not isolated in a pure form until 1925.

Video About Neodymium

Neodymium - Periodic Table of Videos

Uses of Neodymium

Neodymium Magnets

Neodymium is mainly known for the super-powerful magnets made from the element, in combination with Iron and Boron, that are instrumental in all of the products seen above. The reason these magnets are so effective is their small size, which allows for the miniaturization of a bevy of previously bulky items, including speakers and cell phones.


Below is a pretty cool video of Neodymium magnets smashing various objects.

Big Neodymium Magnets Destroying Stuff!!!

Others Uses For Neodymium

The element is also used in:

Lasers

Tanning Booths

Coloring Various Types of Glass

Goggles for Glass-Welders and Blowers

Neodymium in Nature

While Neodymium cannot be found in its purest form in nature, it can be procured from some minerals, mainly monazite and bastnaesite. These two minerals are the most abundant Rare Earth Element minerals in the world and are found globally. The presence of radioactive materials in these minerals makes them an environmental liability, somewhat limiting the production of Neodymium. In its pure form, Neodymium is valued at $420 dollars per 100 grams.

Meaning of Name

Neodymium is derived from the Greek "neos didymos", meaning "New Twin"

Works Cited

References

Emsley, J. (n.d.). Neodymium. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from Royal Society of Chemistry website: http://www.rsc.org

iPod Original [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.ifixit.com

Lasers [Photograph]. (2013, April 22). Retrieved from http://cdn1.sbnation.com

Levene, D. (2013, February 21). Cars [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com

Lide, D. R., Szabadváry, F., & Ke, N. B. (n.d.). Neodymium. Retrieved December 16, 2014, from Chemicool website: http://www.chemicool.com

Magnetics, K. (2009, July 31). Big Neodymium Magnets Destroying Stuff!!! [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com

Neodymium [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://periodictable.com

Nokia Vs. iPhone 1 [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://3.bp.blogspot.com

R2-D2 Headphones [Photograph]. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.wired.com

Rare Earth Element Minerals & Ores. (2010). Retrieved December 17, 2014, from Rare Earth Elements website: http://www.rareearthelements.us/

Rare Earth Elements Supply and Demand. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2014, from MIT website: http://web.mit.edu/

Stwertka, A. (1998). A Guide to The Elements. New York City, NY: Oxford University Press.

Turbines [Photograph]. (2014, April 21). Retrieved from http://cleantechnica.com

Videos, P. (2008, July 10). Neodymium - Periodic Table of Videos [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com