The Holocaust

A Brief Overview

What is the Holocaust?

The Holocaust can be defined as Crimes Against Humanity.

6 million Jews were murdered at Hitler's Concentration and Death Camps.

Jews were used as Scapegoats. (To put blame on someone for something they didn't do)

Read more about the Holocaust here.

Complete Isolation

To isolate the Jews from the rest of the population, their first stopping place to total seclusion were the ghettos. These were apartment-like buildings used as a holding place for the Jews before they were shipped off to concentration and death camps.

Learn more about ghettos here.

Learn about the 3 types of ghettos here.

Because Jews were thought of as a "threat", they along with other inferior groups of people such as gypsies and political prisoners, were sent to concentration camps and death camps.

To listen to a prisoners account click (1) here, (2) here, and (3) here.

To attempt to stay alive, Jews created a list of rules to help them survive the concentration camps.

To read about the rules in Concentration Camps click here and here.

Use this link to see the roles of women, men, and children.


The Soviet Union was the first to liberate (free) concentration camp prisoners.

The German army knew the Soviets were coming and they left the prisoners behind and ran for cover.

Read more about the liberation of camps here.

War Crimes Trial

In 1942, war crimes trials began for Nazi officers and soldiers to get justice for the crimes they committed against humanity. These trials were called the Nuremberg Trials.

To read more about the Nuremberg Trials, click here.