by Victoria Langley
Evaluate Alfred Binet's contribution to intelligence testing.
Alfred Binet was an inventor of the Binet-Simon test, a test given to children to determine if they have learning disabilities or not. The test consists of five different categories: knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spacial processing, memory, and fluid reasoning. Children are tested, and their scores are evaluated based on the "common knowledge" of that age group to see if their intelligence is subnormal. This test soon evolved into today's IQ test. The Binet-Simon test is still in use as well, and has undergone four revisions since its first use.
Compare and contrast Gardner's and Sternberg's Theories of Intelligence.
Gardner's Theory of Intelligence states that ¨intelligence is not just a single intellectual capacity...there are multiple kinds of intelligence that people can possess.¨ This means that each person is specifically good at one or several types of intelligence, including visual, linguistic, logical, bodily, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. Sternberg's Triarchic Theory suggests that there are three types of processing components: analytical, creative, and practical. Sternberg's theory states what intelligence is, while Gardner's theory is more centered on how people use their intelligence in different forms and styles.