Africa's Endangered animals

The Mountain Zebra

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Description

  • Classification: mammal
  • Scientific name: Equus Zebra
  • White and black striped fur
  • Shoulder height: 116-150 cm
  • Head to body length: 210-260 cm
  • Weight: 240-372 kg
  • No two zebras have same stripe pattern
(Red List, ARK)
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Food

  • Herbivores
  • Serve as prey for mammalian carnivores
  • Host for ticks, bot-flies, and other small insects
  • Associate with bird variety to remove parasites
  • They are grazers
  • Disperse seeds and create habitat for other animals and insects
  • Hunted by humans for skin
  • Eat grass, leaves, wood, bark, stems, seeds, grains, and nuts
(AD, ARK)
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Habitat

  • Found in southern parts of Africa
  • Mountainous slopes and plateaus
  • Grassy areas with water source nearby
  • Warm & arid climates
  • Live in herds for protection
  • Each herd has homing groups
  • Sleep in small pastures
  • In cold weather find shelter in wooded ravines and shallow caves facing east to be warmed by the sun
(AD, Red List, AC)
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Adaptation

  • Travel in herds to help those who are sick, injured, or lost
  • Use a high pitched call to alert others of danger
  • Incisor teeth break down plants, groom each other, and can inflict powerful bites to predators
  • Stripes make it hard for hunters to pick 1 zebra from a herd
  • Stripe pattern blurs the zebra's image as it runs, which also makes hunting difficult
  • Big hooves are good for climbing rocky mountain areas
(AC, AD)

Endangerment and Conservation Efforts

  • Hunted for meat, skins, hooves
  • Habitat loss due to agriculture
  • Fences cut off connection to grassy areas and water sources
  • Etusis Foundation protects mountain zebras' living areas
  • Mountain Zebra National Park est. in 1937 to help conserve species
  • Other reserves: Karoo National Park, Kamanassie Nature Reserve, Cape Point Nature Reserve
  • Overall goal: have 2,500 mountain zebras alive and healthy
(ARK, Redlist)

Photo Credits

Food photo by Wellsphere

Habitat photo by Nelson Mandela

Adaptation photo by Pipaluk