South Carolina

Just South of North Carolina!!!

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South Carolina Flag

The Flag was first adopted in 1775, when Colonel William Moultrie designed a banned for South Carolina troops, it had a white crescent on a blue field. When South Carolina seceded from the Union, the palmetto tree was added to the flag. The palmetto was chosen because this tree helped South Carolinians defeat the British at Sullivan's Island. They built a fort out of palmetto wood, when the British fired cannonballs at the fort, instead of knocking it down, the soft palmetto absorbed the cannonballs.

Anthony Ashely Cooper, the Earl of Shaftesbury, and secretary John Locke drafted the Fundamental Constitutions of the new colony. The Constitutions gave a representative government and religious toleration. At the same time, they tried to set up a hierarchy of nobles at the top and serfs at the bottom. The Constitutions also recognized African slavery. The first settlers arrived in Charles Town, 1670. The area was semitropical, with fertile soil and a growing season of 295 days a year. It was inhabited by missions Indians, who had converted to Catholicism. The Indian tribes competed to trade with the Europeans, making it difficult for Europeans to dominate trade. Often, Indian wars pitted one group of Europeans and their Indian allies against another, with Indians doing most of the fighting. Indians fought for European goods, and Europeans fought for monopoly over Indian products. The Westos were able to profit more than other tribes by offering Indian slaves. Slaves were the most valuable commodity produced by the Carolina colony. Indian traders established control over the entire southeast, pushing out foreign competition and Virginians. Many less powerful tribes were destroyed to obtain a steady supply of slaves. During the Yamasee War, 400 white South Carolinians were killed, crippling the Indian slave trade. This war showed just how fragile the South Carolina venture was.

Research taken from Of the People

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