The Congo

General Information

  • The Republic of Congo is located in west central Africa.
  • It takes up 342,000 sq. kms of land.
  • A central plateau runs east-west, dividing the country into the Congo Basin in the north from the swampy plain in the south, the Nairi Valley.
  • Over 60% of the Congo is covered in dense tropical forest.
  • The population is mostly in the south.
  • The Congo has an equatorial climate, with high humidity, small temperature range and high average rainfall.
  • The dry season in the south is May to October and elsewhere June to September.


  • Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon.
  • Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E
  • Area: total: 342,000 sq km
    land: 341,500 sq km
    water: 500 sq km
  • Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator.
  • Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
  • Natural Resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
  • Natural Hazards: seasonal flooding
  • Current Environmental Issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions,water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage, tap water is not potable, deforestation
  • Geography Note:about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them
Republic of Congo

About the People

  • Population: 3,039,126
  • Age Structure: 0- 14 years old: 37.7% (male 571,011/female 563,414) 15- 64 years old: 56.8% (male 886,297/female 907,348) 65 years old and over 3.7% (male 45,799/female 65,257)
  • Population Growth Rate: 1.31% per year
  • Major Infectious Diseases: Food and waterbourne disease: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever, Vectorborne disease: malaria
  • Langues Spoken: Lingali, Swahil, Kikongo and Tshiluba
  • Dominant Language: French
  • Religions: Mostly Christianity is dominant but 48% of the population is Roman Catholic and 28% are Protestant.

Economy and Resources

  • Currency: New Zaire
  • Main Trading Partners: Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the USA, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Japan and the UK.
  • Main Primary Products: Bananas, Cassava, Cobalt, Cocoa, Coffee, Copper, Cotton, Diamonds, Ground Nuts, Gold, Maize, Oil and Natural Gas, Plantains, Palm Oil and Kernels, Rubber, Sugar Cane, Tea, Timber, and Tin.
  • Major Industries: Agriculture, Clothing, Foodstuffs, Forestry, Mining, Oil Refining, and Textiles.
  • Main Exports: Cobalt, Coffee, Copper, and Diamonds.
Congo and Natural Resource Curse

Military and Defense

There are 28,100 on total active duty personnel with 89.0% being the army, 4.6% being the navy and 6.4% being the air force. The military expenditure comes to about for 2.6% of the Gross National Product for the services. AS for overall protection, the country is not well defended and is constantly being attacked by rebel groups.