No Child Left Behind


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No child left behind is an Act and Policy. The Obama Administration reauthorize the Elementary and secondary to the Education act.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

Information on No Child Left Behind, including the Act and policy, and the Obama Administration's blueprint for reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

Step One Recognizing the Problem/ Setting the Agenda

- The ESEA original goal was to improve education for students from lowering income families by providing funds to the school district serving the poor students. In 1965 this was a campaign for poverty areas. It was a part of the Johnson Administration. By doing this they were trying to help the people who were in the lower income areas that they schools were doing as much for their students that other schools could. The schools that had the lower income students had more difficulties than the other schools would have with the learning so if one student would get a subject they would have to move on because they didn't have the time or money to help those students falling behind. The schools that did have the money they could get new books and could give extra time the students if needed.
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Step Two Formulating the Policy

-The new law help the elementary and secondary education act which originally from Lyndon Johnson’s war on poverty in 1965. Since then it has been reauthorized every four to six years under a new name. It provided nearly $12 billion to school about each year schools to support children to support the children who have disadvantages. Since the original passage it was only passed seven times. In January 2002

-It has been named the No Child Left Behind Act. Each time it was reauthorized it created changes to the program, but the original goal didn’t change it remained the same. The goal was to improve the education opportunities for the children that their families that are in the lower income areas. In 1994 it was changed to the Improving America’s Schools Act. This placed key standards and accountable elements on state and local school districts that received the funding for the schools. These actions later lead to formed the No Child Left Beind Act.
The video explains what Bush plan was for education
2001: Bush touts 'No Child Left Behind'
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Step Three Adopting the Policy

-In January 2002 the text came to life in congress. George W. Bush declared a new era had stated in the american public education by signing No Child Left Behind. When No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was first passed it looked like it was a political accomplishment. It stood out as one of Bushes genuine political achievement. The house voted 381 to 41 with Democratic to Republican votes. The results showed promises for liberals with an rase in spending and to focus on the the major amount of achievements on students. it also allowed conservatives to improve the schools more and make standards tougher. By midterm election in 2002 polls were taken and found that republican would be in the lead and they would change traditional on the education issues.
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Step Four Implementing the Policy

-NCLB is focused on forcing schools to become more accountable for the children with a poor education and the minority of kids. It is to focus on test scores which later leads to cheating. They have also found that the the law system of the rating of the schools and showed lower performance create judgement. If schools couldn't get their test scores up they could apply for a education waiver so that the school wouldn’t get penalized. In exchanged the schools and districts must make new targets for preparing students for their future. The students in also must take part in standardized testing. When the students would take the standardized testing their test scores to the rate of the school and or district. Adequate yearly progress (AYP) measured by schools and states for the students performance. The current version of is education and secondary education. It isn't a new concept thought it was introduced into federal law.

Step Five Evaluating the Policy

-The waiver approved Pa to focus on improving the areas needed more help than other areas. The waiver is designed for improving Pa education. “three areas: making sure all our students are ready for careers or college; developing recognition and accountability standards by the state for all public schools; improving and supporting effective teachers and principals in all our classrooms.” (Pa Federal programs). It also states that all students should be graduating with a high gpa no matter what their path is after high school. They developed the tests to make students reach high academic standards. “Recognizing academic achievement and holding public schools accountable are essential to ensuring that taxpayer dollars are being invested in education programs that benefit students.” (Pa Federal programs). This is also showing the taxpayers where the money is going and how it is being used.

Reasons Against No Child Left Behind

  • "Because of its focus on regular testing, NCLB has proven to be highly controversial. The debate surrounding NCLB has recently become especially heated since the Act is under review and in the process of re authorization.
  • The federal government has consistently failed to provide the amount of funding the program requires.
  • Achievement is measured only by a students’ performance on annual multiple-choice reading and math tests.
  • Teachers are increasingly only teaching “to the test” due to the widespread fear that their students will perform badly resulting in their termination.
  • Critics argue that by teaching to the test, many students fail to receive a creative, personally relevant and well-rounded curriculum.
  • The percentage of classes taught by a highly qualified teacher has risen to over 90 percent across the nation.
  • Nearly 450,000 eligible students have received free supplemental educational services (tutoring) or public school choice.
  • The regular testing has allowed schools to identify the individual students in need of additional aid to reach grade level proficiency.
  • The increased school choice option for parents provides an additional incentive for both schools and teachers to reform any ineffective educational strategies.
  • Results have shown that the nation is still on track to reach the 2014 deadline for universal grade level proficiency in math and reading.
  • All students are held to the same achievement standard (as dictated by their state) regardless of their ability level, socioeconomic status and native language.
  • The only students who are not held to the same achievement standards are those with severe physical or mental disabilities.
  • Due to the intense focus on math and reading proficiency, fewer resources and time are devoted to subjects such as art, physical education, social studies and science."

(From care to vote citation)

This is share that alot of schools weren't able to raise their test scores. They were being hurt by the program more than helped.

Reasons for No Child Left Behind

"As Congress prepares to debate re-authorization of the No Child Left Behind Act, Americans express mixed views about the nation’s signature education law. Among those who have heard about the law, 34% say the law has made schools better; 26% say it has made schools worse; and 32% say it has had no impact." (Pew research)

"Parents of public school children have relatively positive views of No Child Left Behind, which uses annual testing to measure school progress and requires schools to raise reading and math test scores. More than four-in-ten public school parents (42%) who have heard a lot or a little about the law say it has made schools in the country better (compared with 34% of the public). However, just 30% of public school parents say that No Child Left Behind has made their children’s schools better." (Pew research)

"Overall, 45% of the public, and about the same percentage of parents with children in public schools (43%) — say the law overemphasizes standardized testing, based on those who have heard a lot or a little about No Child Left Behind. About three-in-ten in both groups say the emphasis on testing is appropriate, while smaller numbers believe there has been too little emphasis on standardized tests." (pew research)

Overall this is saying that no child left behind did help students and school and helped them improve. It wasn't a great amount that is did improve but enough to help them start helping their students. The scores for the standard testing also improved.

Work Cited

"No Child Left Behind- Overview." Federal Education Budget Project. New America Foundation, 24 Apr. 2014. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

Antle, W. James. "No Child Left Behind." The American Conservative. The American Conservative, 1 Aug. 2005. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

Rudalevige, Andrew. "The Politics of No Child Left Behind." Education Next. Education Next. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

Rich, Motoko. "‘No Child’ Law Whittled Down by White House." Education. The New York Times, 6 July 2012. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

"ESEA Flexibility." Pennsylvania Department of Education. Pennsylvania Department of Education. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

"Adequate Yearly Progress." Education Weekly. Education Weekly, 18 July 2011. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

"The Controversy: Has NCLB Been Successful or Has It Failed?" Care to Vote '08 Getting Smart about Getting Smart. CTV 2008. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.

"’No Child Left Behind’ Gets Mixed Grades." Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, 13 June 2007. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <>.