Inequalities

Water and Shelter

Introduction

To most people who live in wealthy countries, shelter and water are two of the most basic of human rights. This is not the case for millions of people, however, especially those from developing countries. Each day they have to deal with problems associated with unsafe water and lack of adequate shelter.

Water

~ in Africa 90% of the work of gathering water and wood is done by women

~ women and girls often spend up to 6 hours everyday fetching water

~ reducing the distance to a water source from 30 - 15 mins increased girls school attendance by 12%

~ Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century

~ One in nine people worldwide doesn't have access to improved sources of drinking water

~ one in three lacks improved sanitisation

~ 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated directly into water bodies

~ approximately 3.5 million people die each year due to inadequate water supply, sanitisation and hygiene

~ the biodiversity of fresh water ecosystems has been

Water Changes Everything.

Shelter

Slums have inadequate housing conditions

980 million people live in slums world wide

The majority of these people are in developing countries

Slums are about the most dangerous of places to live in the world.

They often have high levels of crime and violence.

Most slums are without proper sanitisation and a clean water supply, meaning that the people who live in slums are more likely to suffer from diseases and have a much lower life expectancy

15% of children in slums die under the age of 5

Poor Sanitation