Drug Free is the Way to Be!

Depressants, Stimulants, and Hallucinogens

One category of drugs:

Depressants: Reduces arousal or stimulation

Examples: Alcohol, Barbiturates, and Opiates.

-Psychological Effects: When depressants are abused over a long period of time, they affect a person's judgment and memory. They cause mood swings, depression, and fatigue. Depressants can also cause the user to feel paranoid or have suicidal thoughts.
-Physiological Effects: Short-Term: slow brain function ,slowed pulse and breathing, lowered blood pressure, poor concentration, confusion, fatigue, dizziness, slurred speech, fever, sluggishness, dilated pupils, depression, and addiction. Long-Term: depression, chronic fatigue, breathing difficulties, sexual problems and sleep problems. As a dependency on the drug increases, cravings, anxiety or panic are common if the user is unable to get more.

-Statistics: 1 in 10 of Americans over 12 are taking antidepressants, it is on the rise, more and more people are taking depressants to make themselves "Feel Better", 500 people or more die a year from overdosing on depressants.

-Warnings: When taking depressants as medication, people under the age of 25 have a greater chance of feeling or becoming suicidal. This is a huge warning that you should watch for when you a depressant. If a person is just taking a depressant not as medication, warnings are that it can impair your speech and vision, and you may become slowed in everything you do.

-Regulations/Laws: you have to be 21 in order to drink alcohol, antidepressants are given out by doctors or pharmacists if you are prescribed.

Another category of drugs:

Stimulants: The speed up drug.

Examples: Nicotine and Cocaine.

  • Physiological Effects: Short-Term: exhaustion, apathy and depression—the “down” that follows the “up.” It is this immediate and lasting exhaustion that quickly leads the stimulant user to want the drug again. Soon he is not trying to get “high,” he is only trying to get “well”—to feel any energy at all. Long-Term: Stimulants can be addictive. Repeated high doses of some stimulants over a short period can lead to feelings of hostility or paranoia, such doses may also result in dangerously high body temperatures and an irregular heartbeat.
  • Psychological Effects: makes you feel in a better mood and even thinking you reduced your anxiety.
  • Statistics: Nicotine: In the United States, the top cause of preventable deaths is nicotine addiction. 440,000 deaths in the United States are caused by nicotine addiction each year. Over $75 billion has been spent directly for medical costs associated with nicotine and smoking. Cocaine: 1.5 million United States citizens have reported using cocaine at least one time each month. The highest rate of people who use cocaine is found in young adults, from ages 18 to 25. Cocaine is the 2nd most commonly used illegal drug in the United States, behind marijuana. The largest importer of cocaine in the world is the United States.
  • Warnings: may cause cancer, can cause heart rate to speed up, this can cause you to end up in the hospital, can cause kidney to fail.
  • Regulations/Laws: you have to be 18 to smoke a cigarette, used for medical use and can be good as long as they aren't abused, not allowed to use if not of age and cocaine is illegal to have on you and you may not consume it.

Another category of drugs:

Hallucinogens: The drug that alters perception.

Examples: LSD(acid), Marijuana, and Mushrooms.

  • Physiological Effects: Short-Term: Increased heart rate, Increased blood pressure, Heart failure, Abnormal, rapid breathing, Lung failure,Changed emotional feelings, Confusion, Disorientation, Suspiciousness, Mixed-up speech, Loss of muscle control, Meaningless movements, Irrational actions, Violent behavior, Distorted reality, Aggressiveness, Distorted sense of time and space, Sense of relaxation and well-being, Nausea and loss of appetite, Chills and flushing, Shaking, Poor coordination, Distorted body image, feeling of floating or out-of-body experiences, Dilated eyes. Long-Term: Flashbacks weeks, months, or even years after the drug use, Flashbacks may be set off by using other drugs or by physical exercise, Flashbacks may be pleasant or a living nightmare, Most flashbacks last a very short time, only a minute or two, Decreased motivation, Prolonged depression, Increased panic, Impaired memory and concentration, Possible severe mental disturbances, Psychosis, Increased delusions

Psychological Effects :may cause hallucinations and illusions as well, as the amplification of sense, and the alterations of thinking and self-awareness.

  • Statistics: 13.6% or 17,000 seniors have used hallucinogens, 3.1 million people say they used LSD, and people become very addicted.
  • Warnings: can not obtain, may cause memory loss, and delusions may occur.
  • Regulations/Laws: can get only from doctor(medical marijuana), used for chemistry, and U.S. labeled them as controlled substances until the effect can be researched more and widely understood.