Ancient Greek Mythology

By C.Chalmers

Ancient Greek Mythology

Ancient Greek mythology is myths and teachings from the ancient greeks regarding gods and heroes, the natural world and the significance of their own rituals. It was also the past religion of ancient Greece.

Deities

Deities (gods and goddesses) are just like humans besides the fact they have amazing powers. All gods play a different role in the universe. There are hundreds and thousands of gods but the 12 major gods/goddesses are:
People worshiped gods in many ways such as sacrificing animals (usually sheep even though the gods prefer oxen), food, clothing, locks of hair or pieces of pottery. Or the well known Olympic games.


All sporting competitions honoured the gods and had to be held at a sacred place which would sometimes be Olympia, where Zeus has thrown a lightning bolt at an olive tree and so a temple was built there. In the Olympic games all events- chariot-racing, boxing, javelin, running, wrestling and pankration made the men better soldiers which was appealing to the gods. But anyone who broke sacred truce, or sinned against the gods were disqualified from the games.

Monsters and Creatures

Monsters and creatures are in stories to teach children lessons about behavior and actions. There are over two hundred monsters/ creatures but the most terrifying are:


'The Hydra'

Known from 'The legend of Hercules.'

The Hydra is a serpent with dangerous venom. It is said that every time a head is decapitated two takes its place


'The Sphinx'

Known from 'The legend of Oedipus.'

The Sphinx has a body of a lion, a head of a woman and the wings of an eagle.


'The Cyclops'

Known from 'The Odyssey'.

A cyclops is a giant with one bulging eye half way down its forehead.


'Chimera'

Known from 'The legend of Bellerophon'.

With an odd appearance it has the head and body of a lion, the head of a goat sticking out of its back and a snake for a tail.


'Empusa'

Known in general Greek mythology.

With a frightening appearance the Empusa feasts on human blood and flesh.


'Minotaur'

Known from the 'story of Talos'

The Minotaur is a man-eating monster with the head of the bull and the body of a man.

In every Greek story there is usually a Greek monster or creature that some sort of god or goddess has to beat to reach their goals.

Demigods

Demigods are half god half something else which are NOT necessarily human.

Their are many, many, many Demigods which include:

CuChulainm

Clymene

Cychreus

Cycnus

Cymopoleia

Dardanus

Dhristadyumna

Dionysus

Draupadi

Drona

Eirene

Endymion

Epaphus

Ghatatkacha

Gilgamesh

Hanuman

Helen Of Troy

Hercules

Hippolyta

Iasion

Iravan

Karna

Kritauarma

Lakshmana

Macaria

Maui

Memnon

Minos

Nakula

Otrera

Orpheus

Peirithous

Perseus

Polyduces

Pradyumna

Rhadamanthus

Rhesus

Romulus

Remus

Sahaddeua

Sarpedon

Satyaki

Semele

Shantanu

Shikhandi

Sugreeva

Thesus

Tityas

Turnus

Vali

Yudhishthira

Zetes

Zethus


And there are hundreds more.

Nymphs

Nymphs are spirits of the natural, minor goddesses of the forests, rivers, springs, meadows, mountains and trees. As like gods they all have a role doing different things. Nymphs are also known as lesser goddesses and they were still worshiped but were shy. There are many different types of Nymphs but the two main are Naiads (nymphs of the stream) and Dryads (Nymphs of the trees).

The affect of Greek Mythology on Greek People

Greek Mythology was focused mainly on ideals or the value systems that the Greeks held.For example the beginning of the world in Greek mythology starts with chaos, then leading to love, hate and order. These ideals can be seen demonstrated in the way that the Greeks lived, they considered these ideals to be the judging point of where they went after they died.

How Greek Mytholgy ended

Greek religion came to an end around the ninth century and had been dying off for hundreds of years when Christianity came to belief. Christianity became the main religion in 64 A.D. Christianity has now expanded and Greek religion turned into Greek mythology.

How Anceint Greek Mythology evolved into what it did

Greek mythology has several distinguishing characteristics. The Greek gods resembled humans in form and showed human feelings. Unlike ancient religions such as Hinduism or Judaism, Greek mythology did not involve spiritual teachings. It also varied widely in practice and belief, with no formal structure. It expanded across Greece and became its main religion in 2000 B.C.

How Greek Mythology is associated in everyday life

Greek mythology is associated in everyday life because there is a lot of cities, streets and towns named after Greek gods and the planet are named after the gods. There are also many medical terms named after events in Greek mythology such as Aphrodite-Aphrodisiacs.

My Favourite Story

My favourite story is about how winter came.

It came by when a young god (Persephone) fell in love with Hades (the king of the underworld) but Demeter (the girls mother) didn't want her to be with Hades. So Hades was given seeds to give to Persephone and 1 seed equals one month in the underworld with hades and the rest she spent with her mother. She had four and every time Persephone went away Demeter would turn the world dark, all the leaves would fall of the trees and everything would be covered by a white powder. And that is how winter came about.

The full version is at this website http://bit.ly/1HLZa3a

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BOOKS:

Exploring Ancient Greece by John Malam

Published in 1999 in London by UNKNOWN


Olympia, Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by David Kennet.

Published in 2000 in Greece by Omnibus Books


100 Facts on Ancient Rome by UNKNOWN

Published in 2001in Great Bradfield by Miles Kelly Publishing


WEBSITES:

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http://abt.cm/1PH5g7Q


http://bit.ly/1N2lNzg


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