Ancient Greek Mythology
Aphrodite controls Venus and is the goddess of love and beauty.
Apollo is the god of the sun, arts and medicine.
Ares controls Mars and is the god of war.
Artemis is the goddess of hunting and protecting wild animals.
Athena is the goddess of wisdom, warfare and crafts.
Demeter is the goddess of grain, farming and soil.
Hephaestus is the god of fire, volcanoes and industry.
Hera is the queen of the gods and protector of marriage and childbirth.
Hermes controls Mercury and is a messenger of gods, patrons of travelers, merchants and thieves.
Posiedon controls Neptune and is god of the sea.
Zeus is the king of gods, controls Jupiter -as it is the biggest planet- and is the protector of justice and social order
Hestia/Dionysus is the goddess of hearth, family and domestic life.
All sporting competitions honoured the gods and had to be held at a sacred place which would sometimes be Olympia, where Zeus has thrown a lightning bolt at an olive tree and so a temple was built there. In the Olympic games all events- chariot-racing, boxing, javelin, running, wrestling and pankration made the men better soldiers which was appealing to the gods. But anyone who broke sacred truce, or sinned against the gods were disqualified from the games.
Monsters and Creatures
Known from 'The legend of Hercules.'
The Hydra is a serpent with dangerous venom. It is said that every time a head is decapitated two takes its place
Known from 'The legend of Oedipus.'
The Sphinx has a body of a lion, a head of a woman and the wings of an eagle.
Known from 'The Odyssey'.
A cyclops is a giant with one bulging eye half way down its forehead.
Known from 'The legend of Bellerophon'.
With an odd appearance it has the head and body of a lion, the head of a goat sticking out of its back and a snake for a tail.
Known in general Greek mythology.
With a frightening appearance the Empusa feasts on human blood and flesh.
Known from the 'story of Talos'
The Minotaur is a man-eating monster with the head of the bull and the body of a man.
Their are many, many, many Demigods which include:
Helen Of Troy
And there are hundreds more.
The affect of Greek Mythology on Greek People
How Greek Mytholgy ended
How Anceint Greek Mythology evolved into what it did
How Greek Mythology is associated in everyday life
My Favourite Story
My favourite story is about how winter came.
It came by when a young god (Persephone) fell in love with Hades (the king of the underworld) but Demeter (the girls mother) didn't want her to be with Hades. So Hades was given seeds to give to Persephone and 1 seed equals one month in the underworld with hades and the rest she spent with her mother. She had four and every time Persephone went away Demeter would turn the world dark, all the leaves would fall of the trees and everything would be covered by a white powder. And that is how winter came about.
The full version is at this website http://bit.ly/1HLZa3a
Exploring Ancient Greece by John Malam
Published in 1999 in London by UNKNOWN
Olympia, Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by David Kennet.
Published in 2000 in Greece by Omnibus Books
100 Facts on Ancient Rome by UNKNOWN
Published in 2001in Great Bradfield by Miles Kelly Publishing