The Desert

It's the Hottest New Trend!

Have YOU ever been to the Desert?

In a desert, usually the only thing you will see around you is sand. Most hot deserts are covered with sand, and the wind creates sand dunes. Deserts may seem scarcely distributed on the Earth's surface, but deserts cover 20% of our planet's surface!


The largest desert in the world in the Sahara Desert, which has an area of over 3.5 million square miles. The Sahara Desert is located in North Africa, north of the equator. The largest cold desert is Antarctica, with an area of over 5 million square miles.


The location of a desert on Earth affects whether it is a cold desert or a hot desert. Hot deserts are usually found between 15°-35° north or south of the equator. These deserts have extremely high temperatures. Cold deserts are found near the poles.


Deserts can be caused by mountains. When are moves up a mountain range higher into the air, the air becomes very cold. This means it cannot hold a lot of moisture, and there is a lot of precipitation. But when the air moves down the other side, it becomes warm and humid because it holds a lot of moisture. This leads to little precipitation, and a desert is formed. This phenomenon is known as the "Rainshadow Effect."

Activities

So of course, you wanna explore more in the desert... And there are TONS of options for some fun in the sun! These include...





The DUNES!

Thousands of tourists each year riding the endless sand dunes. You can jump in a buggy and let a driver take you around or do it yourself! Sand sliding, sand boarding, and wake-boarding are fun and adrenaline filled. Or you could


Birds Eye View

Do you want a seat higher up? Cruising over the beautiful surroundings from a hang glider might be just for you! Why don't you take a camel ride or watch these creatures race!
Dune Sliding YFZ450 stockton

The amazing weather!

Most deserts stay nice and warm all year round! With the clear skies that come with the desert, they're right in the path of those wonderful rays from the sun. If you don't want your fun to be spoiled when you're vacations, the desert gets points there too. I even the wettest if desert, it's rare to get more than 10 inches of rain a year, and its almost never cloudy, making for sunny days year round with temperatures from 85-115 degrees. But we don't get any of that pesky and gross humidity either. Deserts have incredibly dry air around them, and if you get tired if the constant warmth (which you won't) you could always just head out at night. With little humidity, and no clouds, there's nothing keeping the heat around, making the nights nice and cool from 35 degrees to 65 degrees. What's more, there's often a healthy wind blowing around, keeping your temperature in check.






While your having fun, you might just spot some of these....


Even though its hard to believe, there are PLANTS!

The desert has a very wide variety of plants because they have adapted to the extremely low amount of rainfall. These include things like reducing water loss and water storage systems. This is pretty neat: imagine if you did not have access to water for months, and when you did, it was very scarce! This is the EXACT things plants in the desert have to go though.
Also, the Desert Spoon's long leaves are used in Pima Indian baskets and Aloe is used in Native American medicines. The barrel cactus' shape allows it to open up and expand sort of like a flower when it rains. The texture becomes spongy and soaks up any water it can receive. It then is able to tense up and close, storing the water until the next rainfall. Other plants have adaptations like these, in which the plant blocks itself from the sun by closing up to reduce surface area exposed to the sun. Come to the desert to see these extraordinary plants, found no where else on earth!


Animals of the desert


In the desert there are many reptiles like snakes and lizards. Most of the mammals in the desert burrow underground and are nocturnal to protect themselves from the heat. All animals in the desert have to able to store water for long periods of time, and not require large amounts of water to survive. All animals also have to be able to adapt to the dramatic heat.


Meerkat- Located in Kalahari in Southern Africa. They eat insects, lizards, small rodents, and Scorpians(they are immune to their venom) They live in underground tunnels to protect them from the heat and predators. They travel in mobs, which is a large group of meerkats, for protection.


Sonoran desert toad- Located in North America.They feed on spiders, insects, and mice. They burrow underground, and in abandoned rodent burrows if they can find one. These toads are nocturnal. They are poisonous, and they're poison is especially fatal to animals.


Cactus Wren- Very beautiful, and only about 8 inches long. They feed on small insects, fruits, and seeds. They need very little water, and get most to all of their water from the food that they eat. They build their nests in cactus' to use the spikes to protect their nests from harm. They have long and curved so they can turn over objects. One rare thing about these animals is that both the male and the female make the nests and care for children.


Camels- There are two species of camel, and they do not live together. Two humped camels live in Asia, and one humped camels live in the Middle East and Africa. They're feet are made to grip the sand so they can walk long distances and up sand hills without slipping. They're humps can store water, and so they can go long periods without water, they can actually go up to two weeks without water. Despite having fur they can stand high temperatures without a problem


Come to the desert to enjoy and see all these beautiful and different animals you can't see anywhere else!



Desert Animals Geography

Discover the desert culture

Camel Spiders that put people to sleep? Learn more about this 200 year old myth below!

http://www.burkemuseum.org/spidermyth/myths/camelspider.html


What should you bring?

You'll actually want clothes that cover a lot of skin, but isn't that heavy, so you can move about and be protected from the sun and sand. Be sure to bring a lot of water and food. You will get dehydrated very fast whilst in the desert, and food can be difficult to come by with the general lack of civilization. You should also be sure to wear sunscreen all the time unless its night in which case you should bring a blanket or too. It's another danger is sandstorms, so prepare for those.


Additional Need to Knows

You can travel to the desert any time of the year, and it won't matter much. The climate stays very similar in the more tropical deserts, but when you be a little farther away, it can get a bit colder during the winter.


Most deserts are found inland and away from major bodies of water. Deserts are. It's common in the far north eastern hemisphere, and in the south eastern hemisphere. However, deserts exist at some point in almost every part of the world.


There can be light snowfall n the ver northern and southern deserts, and only really at night. It isn't really dangerous though.


The altitude of a desert has very little affect on the desert itself, except that deserts with very low altitude have a higher chance of containing bodies of water that aren't clouds, and higher altitudes have more sand dunes.