Tasmanian Devil Report

Endangered Species Science Report

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Habitat

They are found in Tasmania, Although the devils can live inhabit an area on the island they chose but they like to inhabit coastal scrublands and forests. No matter where they chose to live they sleep under rocks in burrows or caves.

The difference between being kept in captivity at the zoo and the wild is that the zoo cages or habitats is that the zoo tries to emulate their habitat as much as possible. But the differences between the zoo and the wild include:

Small Cages or Habitats in the zoo = In the zoo the animals cannot roam around as much as they would in the wild.

Reproduction= The numbers of reproduction would be lower in the zoo compared to the wild because there aren't as many Tasmanian Devils in the zoo than in the wild.

Hunting= They wouldn't know how to hunt for food as well as animals in the wild because their zoo keeper would feed them instead but in the wild the animal must hunt for their own food.

The similarities between the zoo and wild include:

The habitat that the zoo recreates to emulate a Tasmanian Devil's real habitat would be very accurate to where they would actually live. So the zoo would put burrows and logs so the animals can sleep in them at night just as they would in the wild.

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Diet

The world's largest carnivorous animal happens to be the Tasmanian Devil! They mainly eat birds, fish and snakes but sometimes they can feed off dead carcasses. When eating their food they eat every part of the meal like bones, hair, organs and muscles of the animal. At the zoo they are normally fed pieces of meat that the zoo keeper gives to them.
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Human Impact/ Facial Tumor Disease

Human's have a huge impact on any animal because we are simply more advanced and have the ability to do whatever we want with the environment. But the first impact we have is pollution: Pollution is something that humans are guilty for because no animal produces pollution in our environment, we do to them! The next is deforestation: Deforestation is something that humans rely on for paper and wood but it kills Tasmanian Devil habitats at the same time. The last is the growing demand for more area to build houses and places for society to work,live and play. This occurs all over the world and results in many habitats and animals being killed. Another reason why Tasmanian Devil numbers are declining is because of the Facial Tumor Disease. They get this disease on the face and neck and this occurs in both male and female Tasmanian Devils. This disease stops them from ingesting food which can be a serious problem for the animals and this disease can kill the animal 3-5 months after first seeing the tumor.

Prevention Techniques that are used to help Tasmanian Devils stay in good population numbers

The main things that the carers and researchers are trying to do with Tasmanian Devils is to make sure they manage the facial tumor disease well and efficiently, maintain the genetic diversity that the Tasmanian Devil has, release and establish a healthy population of devils without diseases. In 2008 there were 10000-25000 Tasmanian Devils left in the wild. The current amount is probably around the same numbers but I wasn't able to find any numbers for this year's population.

Adaptations

Tasmanian Devils are a nocturnal animal they can search for food for distances of up to 16km. They are thought to be quite aggressive animals due to the fact that they make loud noises that can scare other animals. But these noises that they make are used as part of a feeding ritual or they feel threatened or they fear something or another animal. As young animals they play with each other and wrestle, biting and creating a lot of noise. They do this because it will help when they become adults and this kind of activity will be used at feeding times.

Adaptation example

This was not recorded by me, it was recorded by somebody else.

I apologize if there is any offensive or inappropriate content in the video.

Also the animals are very loud so turn your volume on low and ignore the commentating from the recorder of the video.

Tasmanian Devil Fight