Queen Elizabeth I

The Ruler of England's Golden Age!

Her Background

Queen Elizabeth I was born on September 7, 1533 to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. In May of 1536, her mother was beheaded to clear way for Henry's third marriage, and on July 1, Parliament declared that Elizabeth and her older sister Mary, were illegitimate and that the succession should pass to the issue of his third wife, Jane Seymour. Because of her alleged involvement in Wyatt's Rebellion, she was imprisoned for 2 years in the Tower of London. She became queen in 1558, outliving both her half-brother Edward, and half-sister Mary; both of whom were 1st and 2nd in line for the throne.

Elizabeth's Achievements

Throughout the early years of her reign, France appeared to be the highest threat to England because of the French connections of Mary, Queen of Scots. By the Treaty of Edinburgh in 1560, Elizabeth was able to close off a good part of the French threat as posed through Scotland. She preserved stability in a nation rent by political and religious dissension and maintained the authority of the crown against the growing pressures of Parliament, and restored the Protestant Church of England, and Parliament declared her head of the church. The Parliament of 1601 saw Elizabeth involved in a considerable fight over the granting of monopolies. Elizabeth was able to head off the conflict by promising that she herself would institute reforms. Her famous "Golden Speech" delivered to this, her last Parliament, indicated that even in old age she had the power to win her people to her side: "Though God hath raised me high, yet this I count the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves.... It is my desire to live nor reign no longer than my life and reign shall be for your good. And though you have had, and may have, many princes more mighty and wise sitting in this seat, yet you never had, nor shall have, any that will be more careful and loving."


Queen Elizabeth's Impact on Today

Her era saw the advancement of England as a military might, restored the Anglican faith, and ruled her country effectively through council for 45 years in a time when women were still being looked upon as being inferior to men.. Although plots and conspiracies plagued her reign, her unification of the England is the reason for the label that is commonly attached to her as England’s greatest monarch. Her diplomatic skills brought stability to a nation riven by political and religious discord, and contributed to the strong growth of England's international trading interests


Interesting Facts

From her first Parliament, she received a petition concerning her marriage. Her answer was, in effect, her final one: "this shall be for me sufficient, that a marble stone shall declare that a Queen, having reigned such a time died a virgin." But it would be many years before the search for a suitable husband ended, and the Parliament reconciled itself to the fact that the queen would not marry. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed. 'This I account the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves,' she said in her Golden Speech of 1601. Elizabeth was rewarded with loyalty and, enhanced by the glow of nostalgia, her own unique place in history.
Queen Elizabeth I Biography

Citations

Works Cited

Briscoe, Alexandra. “Elizabeth I: An Overview.” BBC History. N.p., 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml>.

“Elizabeth 1.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. N. pag. Biography in. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/bic1/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=BIC1&action=e&catId=GALE%7C00000000MSKB&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK1631002025&source=Bookmark&u=libe79362&jsid=75334fc7fb2d985b35fa33af8c70596b>.

Havelin, Kate. Queen Elizabeth 1. Minneapolis: Lerner, 2002. Print. Biography.

“Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I: The Middle Years (1573-1587).” Luminarium. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. <http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/elizface2.htm>.

Queen Elizabeth I Biography. YouTube. Cloud Biography, 16 May 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2014. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E_nYbq2hScQ>.

Reformation, Exploration, and Empire. The Brown Refernce Group plc ed. Vol. 3. Danbury: Groiler, 2005. Print.

Starkey, David J. “Elizabeth 1, Queen of England.” History of World Trade. N.p.: n.p., 2006. N. pag. Biography in Context. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/bic1/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=BIC1&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&u=libe79362&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=BIC1&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK3447600128>.

Women’s History. N.p., 9 Feb. 2007. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. <http://departments.kings.edu/womens_history/elizabeth.html>.