Queen Elizabeth I
The Ruler of England's Golden Age!
Throughout the early years of her reign, France appeared to be the highest threat to England because of the French connections of Mary, Queen of Scots. By the Treaty of Edinburgh in 1560, Elizabeth was able to close off a good part of the French threat as posed through Scotland. She preserved stability in a nation rent by political and religious dissension and maintained the authority of the crown against the growing pressures of Parliament, and restored the Protestant Church of England, and Parliament declared her head of the church. The Parliament of 1601 saw Elizabeth involved in a considerable fight over the granting of monopolies. Elizabeth was able to head off the conflict by promising that she herself would institute reforms. Her famous "Golden Speech" delivered to this, her last Parliament, indicated that even in old age she had the power to win her people to her side: "Though God hath raised me high, yet this I count the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves.... It is my desire to live nor reign no longer than my life and reign shall be for your good. And though you have had, and may have, many princes more mighty and wise sitting in this seat, yet you never had, nor shall have, any that will be more careful and loving."
Queen Elizabeth's Impact on Today
Her era saw the advancement of England as a military might, restored the Anglican faith, and ruled her country effectively through council for 45 years in a time when women were still being looked upon as being inferior to men.. Although plots and conspiracies plagued her reign, her unification of the England is the reason for the label that is commonly attached to her as England’s greatest monarch. Her diplomatic skills brought stability to a nation riven by political and religious discord, and contributed to the strong growth of England's international trading interests
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