Green Revolution/ GMOs
Questions!!1!!1!11! about the Green Revolution
There were two main reasons. The first was that there was an acute shortfall in agricultural production. The second theory was that during World War II, the indian food supply was a very low priority for the British while all the chaos of the war was going on.
2. Briefly describe the 3 basic elements of the green revolution in India?
i. Continued expansion of farming areas - Since 1947, land under cultivation has been increasing in India, this was done because with the huge population of India, what land they had was not enough.
ii. Double-cropping existing farmland - There was only one farming season per year, mainly because there was only one monsoon a year. What they did to fix this was they created a new, artificial monsoon.
iii. Using seeds with improved genetics - HYV seeds were used to get the most of the farming land that they had. The most popular seed was the K68 variety for wheat.
3. List 2 positive results of the green revolution in India:
i. India now makes more money in foreign transactions by exporting crops to surrounding countries.
ii. Other countries including Canada were having troubles with agricultural proficiency,and India improved relations with those countries by sending farmers to help replicate the green evolution in those countries.
4. List 3 positive economic, sociologic, or political results of the green revolution:
i. India transformed from a starving country to an exporter of food.
ii.The Green Revolution created hundreds of agricultural and industrial jobs.
iii. India paid back all of its loans to the world bank.
5. Briefly describe two limitations of the green revolution in India:
i. India has failed to extend the concept of HYV crops to all areas/regions. Also, crops have been confined to mostly food grains. They are not diversified.
ii. India sometimes still falls short in the amount of agricultural output it is expected to have. The green revolution as not made India 100% self-sufficient in food.
Positives and negatives of GMOS
- Reduced need for herbicides and pesticides
- They require less tillage or plowing, meaning that GMOs decrease the use of fossil fuels
- You have the ability to modify the foods so you can increase desirable aspects of them like the amount of nutrients
- Increased production of food for starving countries like India
- GMOs are more resistant to disease
- GMOs have potential to damage the environment because many of the crops grown in places weren't originally supposed to be grown there
- Studies show that increase in consumption of GMOs result in more allergic reactions in the people who consume them
- Unintentionally kills other organisms (Ex. Insect larve)
- Non-target effects of the environment. (Ex. Weeds would be herbicide tolerant as well)
- Plants that produce their own insecticide, a bacterial toxin Bacillus thuringiensis (BT), which has led to BT-resistant bugs.