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Bulgaria, The Basics: Weather, Climate Type, and Characteristics

Weather: Bulgaria experiences very hot summers along with long and cold winters. Like the United States, Bulgaria has very distinct seasons.

Climate: Bulgaria has two climate zones. First being a warm temperate and humid climate in Southern districts, which are influenced by the Mediterranean sea. Second being a humid snow climate. In the mountainous regions they experience year round cooler temperatures with heavy snowfall in winter.

Physical Characteristics: One third of the territory is forested, Bulgaria also has major mountain ranges (Rilan, Pirin, Balkan, and Rhodope) another third of Bulgaria is over 2000 feet above sea level.

How To Fit In: Languages, Taboos, and Counter Cultures

Languages of Bulgaria: Bulgarian, Turkish, Romani (Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language ahead of English)

Taboos: In Bulgaria it is considered taboo not to make eye contact during a toast, it is also taboo to begin eating with out a toast.

When visiting another's home it is customary to bring flowers or sweets.

People use different gestures for yes and no then American's are used to. Yes is indicated by a sideways shaking of the head, and a no is shown with a short upward or downward nod.

Counter Culture: The Turkish people could be considered the biggest counter culture in Bulgaria. The Turks are one of the largest ethnic minorities, but will not identify themselves as Bulgarians. There is little sense of shared national culture among ethnic Bulgarians and Turkish people.

Digging Deeper Into The Bulgarian Culture: Landscape, Diffusion, and Change

Culture Landscape: Bulgaria is abundant with churches and mosques. They also have traditional villages.

Evidence of Culture Diffusion: Besides ethnic Bulgarians there several ethnic minorities, the most numerous include Turks, Gypsies, Armenians, Jews. While some will refuse to identify as Bulgarians, like the Turks, other groups such as Gypsies, Armenians, and Jews are more assimilated. Their cultures have collided and formed new aspects.

Culture Change: After World Word II the basis of Bulgarian culture changed from an agriculture base to rapid industrialization. Communism also fell in 1989 creating changes.

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