Veterinarian

By Odalys Cazares

Job Description

Veterinarians prevent and treat a variety of animal illness and diseases. They administer tests.They observe conditions in animals, preform surgery and prescribe medication and or therapy

Duties & Responsibilities

A few Daily tasks are


  • Euthanize animals.
  • Treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds, or preforming surgery.
  • Examine for any type of diseases or injuries.
  • Inspect animal housing facilities to determine their cleanliness and adequacy.
  • Specialize in a particular type of treatment, such as dentistry, pathology, nutrition, surgery, microbiology, or internal medicine.
  • Collect body tissue, feces, blood, urine, or other body fluids for examination and analysis.

Education requirements

veterinarians must have a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from an accredited veterinary college and a state license. veterinary medicine program generally takes 4 years. Most applicants to veterinary school have a bachelor’s degree. Most typically require applications to have taken science classes including biology, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, zoology, microbiology, and animal science. Most programs also require math and humanities and social science courses.Most programs include 3 years of classroom, laboratory, and clinical work. Students typically spend the final year of the 4-year program doing clinical rotations in a veterinary medical center or hospital. For the certification exam, veterinarians must have certain number of years of experience in the field, complete additional education, and complete a residency program, typically lasting 3 to 4 years. Requirements vary by specialty.

Job outlook

veterinarians will increase as more people are expected to take their pets for visits. Also veterinary medicine has advanced considerably, and many of the veterinary services offered today are comparable to health care for humans, including cancer treatments and kidney transplants. As the population grows the veterinarians will be needed to inspect the food supply and to ensure animal and human health.

Salary & Work Enviroment

The median annual wage for veterinarians was $84,460.


Although most veterinarians work in private clinics and hospitals, others travel to farms, work in laboratories or classrooms, or work for the government.


Some hazards are Physical hazards caused by animals (bites, scratches, kicks), medical equipment ( surgical lasers, x-ray equipment, sharps, autoclaves), or general work conditions (slippery floors, unsafe ladder use, driving to worksites).

Related Courses & Experience

  1. The BLS said that Veterinarians median salary of $86,640 in 2013. The best-paid $149,530, while the lowest-paid earned $53,270.