Article III

The Judiciary

Section 1: Federal Courts and Judges

Judicial powers of the U.S. will be vested in one supreme court and in inferior courts as the congress may from time to time establish. All judges are to only hold their offices during good behavior. They shall receive compensation for their service at stated times, this will not be diminished during their continuance in office.

General Authority

The Judicial power will extend to all cases including law and equity, cases arising under this constitution, cases about the laws of the U.S., and treaties made or that will be made, cases affecting ambassadors and other public ministers, cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, controversies between two or more states, between a state and citizens of another state, between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, etc.

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a shall be party. In all other cases the Supreme Court will have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

Trial by Jury

The trial of all crimes will be by jury except for cases involving impeachment. And in such trial shall be held in the state where the crimes had taken place, if the crime was not committed in any state then the location of the trial will be chosen by Congress.