Getting Our Rights
Civil Rights By: Maddie & Isabelle
Jim Crow Laws
The Jim Crow laws are the laws that divided African-Americans and Whites. They could not use the same public places. Some including: schools, bathrooms, parks, water fountains, trains, and even hospitals. Many African-Americans protested against the Jim Crow laws with signs and boycotts. Whites even made African-Americans pay a voting tax and pass a very difficult test for the right to vote. But any white man who owned land got the right automatically. Many African-Americans wanted to change the rules but were forced to live with them. Whites had a lot more power than African-Americans. The African-Americans were going to get back their Civil Rights.
During the Civil Rights Movement there were many important African-American leaders. Some include Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Mary McLeod Bethune, Ida Wells-Barnett. Booker T. Washington dedicated his life to providing an education for African-Americans. W.E.B. Du Bois was also very important he gave speeches and wrote articles and books. Mary McLeod also believed in an education for African-Americans. Ida B. Wells was a very important leader she created a program to help African-Americans travel to the North.
The Nineteenth Amendment was the addition to the Constitution that any gender had the right to vote. The people who fought for the women rights to vote were called suffragists. Women felt it was unfair because they could fight in a war but they couldn't vote. They felt that needed to finish the fight they started. In 1919, the Nineteenth Amendment was officially part of the Constitution. The next state to vote for women's right to vote was Tennessee, at first the state was a tie but then 18 year old, Harry Burn changed his vote because his mom told him to. Now all women have the right to vote.
Important Woman Roles
Three very important women suffragists are Elizabeth Stanton, Carrie C. Catt, and Lucretia Mott. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton had a meeting in New York were they added an addition to the Declaration of Independence. It said "[Man] has compelled [woman] to submit laws, in the formation of which she had no voice". Which means woman now had the right to vote.