Josselyn Mata 9th ´´A´´


Egypt is across the Red Sea from Saudi Arabia, where the messenger of Islam, Muhammad, was born. Islam is now the major religion from Egypt.

Muslim Beliefs

The Quran is their holy book. They pray five times a day in a mosque.

An Islamic Renewal

Egyptians disagree in certain areas like the public behavior of women or laws. Their is also a disagreement in women´s clothing.

Diversity of Life in Egypt

Urban: About half of all Egyptians live in cities.Cairo is Africa´s biggest city and has a population of 9.5 million people. This city is really old.

Rural: Most people live in villages along the Nile or the Suez Canal. People make their living by farming.


Algeria´s Ethnic Groups

The Sahara covers all of Algeria south of the Atlas Mountains and water is in short supply in this area. Berber and Arab nomads have survived in the Sahara for hundreds of years. This are the two main ethnic groups of Algeria.They settled in the Atlas Mountains and on plains near Algeria´s coast. Most Berbers live in villages. Family is really important for Berbers. They make a living from farming and herding. Arab traditions are like Berbers traditions. Most Arabs were nomads which influenced Berbers to become nomads.

Berbers and Arabs Today

Both groups are Muslim and speak Berber and Arabic. They also speak French.


Nigeria´s History

Nigeria was ruled by many ethnic groups like the Hausa, the Yoruba, and the Ibo. By 1914, Great Britain had taken over the government of Nigeria. Nigeria became independent in 1960. The capital was changed from Lagos to Abuja.

Three Different Cultures

The Hausa and the Fulani make up about 33 percent of Nigeria´s people and most are Muslims. Kano, the oldest city in West Africa, is a Hausa city and has been a center of trade for over 1000 years. About 20 percent of Nigeria´s people are Yoruba and live in Lagos. Most Yoruba are farmers. The Ibo live in farming villages and rule themselves with a democratic council of elders. A census showed that over 88 million people live in Nigeria and the Hausa-Fulani are the largest ethnic group, therefore they have the most political power.

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Ghana was called the Gold Coast because of its gold and was ruled by Great Britain. Most people were poor. Nkrumah help convince people to fight for independence. The Akan are the largest ethnic group in Ghana which were democratic. They formed the Asante kingdom. This kingdom tried to stop the European from taking over west Africa. Ghana became independent in 1957. Nkrumah became the leader of the new country and later, the president. Ghana was the first African colony south of the Sahara to become independent. Nine years later, Nkrumah was thrown out of office by a military coup. This happened because people believed it was his fault for the poor economy. He died in 1972 and was hailed as a hero. in the 1980s, Ghana´s president, Jerry Rawlings, tried to reform Ghana´s politics and economy. Ghana´s economy began to grow. Ghana is dependent in the sale of cocoa. They still keep their culture alive.
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