Forest

Camryn Blanchard

Deciduous Forest

The deciduous forest is split into five zones. First one is tree stratum zone, second is small tree and sapling zone, the shrub is the third, fourth is the herb zone, fifth and final zone issuers plants grow near the ground directly. The first zone is the tallest zone, trees range between 16 to 20 feet. (18 to 30 meters) Maple, elm, and oak are just a few examples of this zone. The second Is younger and shorter trees make this zone up. Deciduous forest are a close relative of taiga biome. This biome has rich fertled soil. Deciduous forest are a close to being related to Taiga.

Location

These forest can be found in the eastern half of North America, also middle Europe. There are many deciduous forest in Asia. Some major areas are in the southwest of Russia, Japan and eastern China. There are to big forests in South America in the southern chile. Also middle east coast of Paraguay, New Zealand and southeastern Australia. They are located between the polar regions and the tropics. Deciduous forest biome is located north of tropical forests and south of conifers forests.

Abiotic Factors

The deciduous forest has four changing different seasons. Winter, sprint, summer, and autumn. In autumn the leaves change their colors. Then they drop to the groud during the winter. The temperature in this biome ranges from 90 or more degrees in Fahrenheit in the summer, to below freezing in winter. Precipitation goes from 30-60 inches and is evenly distributed throughout the year. There is about an 6 month growing year. Wind is an abiotic factor. It get nutrients back to the soil to help it get richer. It also has a great impact on the biome. The plants rely on the wind to spread pollen, fertilizing nearby plants. Water is also a major abiotic factor. Plants and animals rely on the water for survival. The temperature depends on the seasons. If it is summer it is usually really hot which helps the animals raise their young. The average temperature is 50° F.


Landforms

They're mostly trees but you will find some mountains and hills every once and a while. There will also be rivers that you will see here and there. There is maple, oak, elm, beech, broadleaf, and more trees grown in deciduous forest

Biotic factors

A wide variety of mammals, birds, insects, and reptiles can be found here. Mammals that are commonly found in a deciduous forest include bears, raccoons, squirrels, skunks, wood mice, and, in the U.S. deer can be found in these forests. While bobcats, mountain lions, timberwolves, and coyotes are natural residents of these forest they have nearly all been eliminated by humans because of their threat to human life. Migration and hibernation are two adaptations used by the animals on this biome. While a large, wide selection of brides leave, mammals hibernate during the cold, winter time while there is a short supple of food. Trees in this biome have both broadleaf, deciduous trees, such as maple, oak, hickory, and beech, and evergreens, such as hemlock, spruce, and fir. They're are usually four to five layers of growth in the plants. Tall deciduous trees make up the top layer of growth, saplings and species of trees that are naturally shorter in stature make up the second layer. The third layer (understory) includes shrubs. Fourth layer contains, Forest herbs, such as wildflowers and berries. Mosses and lichens that grow off of tree trunks (bark) would make up the fifth layer.

General Charecteristics

The Temperate Deciduous Forest has many trees, such as the Maple, Elm, Brasswood, and more. It also has a diverse amount of flowers (mostly springtime) and animals. The animals include Black Bears, Foxes, Squirrels, etc. The soil it very rich, so it supports much plant life.

Concernes and issues

The human impact of the deciduous forest is deforestation, global warming, spraying chemicals and farming, but then farming could turn out to be a good thing. Solar flares and volcanically are splodin are some of the catastrophic events in this biome.