Procedures of Civil Cases

Diemont Law Firm

What you need to know going into court!

1. Summons: A notification asking you to appear in court to answer a complaint or charge

2. Plaintiff: A person or party filing a lawsuit

3. Defendant: An individual or group being sued or charged with a crime

4. Complaint: A formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought

5. Pleadings: The complaint and the answer combined in a civil case

6. Pretrial Conference: A meeting of the parties to an action and their attorneys held before the court prior to the commencement of actual courtroom proceedings

7. Mediation: Situation in which a third party helps the plaintiff and defendant reach an agreement

8. Arbitration: Situation in which a third party listens to the plaintiff and defendant, reviews that case and makes a final decision that is binding for both parties

9. Trial: Formal examination of evidence before a judge

10. Preponderance of Evidence: The Greater weight of the evidence in a civil lawsuit for the trier of fact to decide in favor of one side or the other

11. Verdict: Decision in a case made by a judge or jury

12. Appeal: If the losing party believes something went wrong in the case they can ask for a review from a higher court