Wonders of the Winds

By: Chelsea Alvizo

Definition of wind

Wind (noun) movement in the air that blows in a specific direction.

What Causes Winds

All winds are created because of Earths rotation. Local winds are caused by unequal heating of Earth's surface. A land breeze is when land cools more quickly than water so the air over the water expands and rises. A sea breeze is when the sun heats Earth's surface during the day and the land warms up faster than the water.

Local Winds

They are small winds that blow in your local area.

Local winds are winds that blow over short distances they are also caused by unequal heating of Earth's surface

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Sea Breeze

A sea breeze happens during the day and is when the sun, heats Earth's surface during the day and the land warms up faster than the water. Sea breeze's blows towards the land.
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Land Breeze

A land breeze happens during the night and is when land cools more quickly than water, so the air over the water expands and rises. Land breeze's blow toward the sea and water is warmer and land is colder.
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Global Winds

Global winds Happen when the Earth is rotating and the unequal heating of the Earth's surface. Global winds blow in a specific direction. One of the global wind are the Coriolis effect. The convection currency between the the equator and the poles. When the cold air from the North and South poles come towards the heat from the equator causes a Large convection currency.
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Horse Latitudes

Occur at about 30° north and south of the equator where the winds are very weak.

Most deserts on the Earth are located here because of the dry air. Horse latitudes got their name for the story about the pirates.
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Trade Winds

Trade winds are winds that blow from 30 degrees almost to the equator. Called the trade winds because of their use by early sailors.
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Jet Stream

Separates warm air from cold air. Also the jet streams are narrow belts of high speed winds that blow in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere.
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Prevailing Westerlies

Wind belts found between 30° and 60° latitude. Prevailing westerlies flow towards the poles from west to east carrying moist air over the United States.

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