Today and Yesterday of Ice-skating

Gym Medicial. Heather Whildin. Block 3. Coach Hallenbeck.

Ice Skating's History

The history of ice skating can be tracked all the way back to the frozen canals and waterways of the Scandinavia and the Netherlands, about thousands of years ago. People laced animal bones to their footwear and and glided across frozen lakes and rivers. The credit for creating a pair of-all iron skates goes to a Scotsman who invented them in 1592. The Skating Club of Edinburgh was formed in 1642 and the worlds first organized speed racing was held in 1763 on the Fens in England.

The sport was later introduced in North America, and a lighter, sharper, all steal blade was produced in 1850. The Dutch organized the first World Championship in 1889, where skaters covered four distances: 500m, 5,000m, and 10,000m. Jackson Haines of America was pioneer in figure skating. Norway's Sonja Hnie popularized figure skating during the 1920s and 1930s.

Types of Ice Skating

  1. Figure Skating- can be in solo or in pairs, includes jumps and spins with varying degrees of difficulty combined of movement and dance
  2. Speed Skating- is racing on ice
  3. Ice Hockey- is a team sport played on the ice