Chinese Civil War 1927-1949

By: Brianna Hudson

Background Information & Need To Knows

  • After the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, the central government was unable to maintain effective control over it's people. Two political parties arose to help unify the nation.
  • 1924-
  • 1925: Sun Yat-Sen passes and Chiang Kai-Shek is voted his successor
  • 1927-
  • The Chinese Civil War as a conflict between two political organizations, the nationalists and the chinese communists, who were competing for legitamacy as the sovereign government of China from 1927 to 1949.

The Nationalist Party

  • A.K.A.- Kuomintang or Guomindang
  • Led by Sun-Yat-Sen, later by Chiang Kai-Shek
  • 1912-
  • Strictly Organized by Chinese Secret Society, Soviet Guidance, and Sun Yat-Sen's Three Principalities ( List: 1. ______________, 2. ________________, 3. __________________)

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

  • Jan. 1, 1921-
  • Founded By: Li Dazhao and Chen Duxio
  • Signifigant People: Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Li Lisan

Categories

What Enabled the Chinese Communist Party To Win?

  1. Military Respect & Strength
  2. Support of the People (Popularity)
  3. Leadership


Noteworthy Events and Examples

  • The Long March
  • World War II
  • Nationalist Corruption

The Long March (1934)

  • What Was It?
  • Significance: It exemplified the CCP's strength, organization, and determination. It also gained support of peasants by having many land reforms (land retribution)
  • Categories: Military Respect & Strength, Support of the People (Peasants), Leadership

World War II

  • Significance: Though both parties were allied at the time, the Communist army prospered by not only displaying their strength, but also their great leadership.
  • Categories: Military Strength & Respect, Support of the People, and Leadership

Nationalist Corruption

    Rumors and Reports:
    • Nationalist soldiers stealing clothes from civilians and then abandoning battle during Japanese invasion
    • Undemocratic policies being carried out the the nationalist government
    • Peasants being forced to endure heavy taxes

    Additional Notes