Chinese Civil War 1927-1949
By: Brianna Hudson
Background Information & Need To Knows
- After the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, the central government was unable to maintain effective control over it's people. Two political parties arose to help unify the nation.
- 1925: Sun Yat-Sen passes and Chiang Kai-Shek is voted his successor
- The Chinese Civil War as a conflict between two political organizations, the nationalists and the chinese communists, who were competing for legitamacy as the sovereign government of China from 1927 to 1949.
The Nationalist Party
- A.K.A.- Kuomintang or Guomindang
- Led by Sun-Yat-Sen, later by Chiang Kai-Shek
- Strictly Organized by Chinese Secret Society, Soviet Guidance, and Sun Yat-Sen's Three Principalities ( List: 1. ______________, 2. ________________, 3. __________________)
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
- Jan. 1, 1921-
- Founded By: Li Dazhao and Chen Duxio
- Signifigant People: Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Li Lisan
What Enabled the Chinese Communist Party To Win?
- Military Respect & Strength
- Support of the People (Popularity)
Noteworthy Events and Examples
- The Long March
- World War II
- Nationalist Corruption
The Long March (1934)
- What Was It?
- Significance: It exemplified the CCP's strength, organization, and determination. It also gained support of peasants by having many land reforms (land retribution)
- Categories: Military Respect & Strength, Support of the People (Peasants), Leadership
World War II
- Significance: Though both parties were allied at the time, the Communist army prospered by not only displaying their strength, but also their great leadership.
- Categories: Military Strength & Respect, Support of the People, and Leadership
- Nationalist soldiers stealing clothes from civilians and then abandoning battle during Japanese invasion
- Undemocratic policies being carried out the the nationalist government
- Peasants being forced to endure heavy taxes