Flint Water Crisis

Flint, Michigan is in deep trouble regarding its water

What's Happening

Residents of Flint, Michigan are unable to get safe tap water because of corrosive water from the Flint River that is depositing lead into the city water along with high amounts of iron and pollutants, turning the water a light yellow to a dark orange.

This water crisis was caused by a recent change of the water supply to save money; from Lake Huron to the Flint River. The Flint River was already known for its filth, and was going to be used while the city constructed a direct state-run line from Lake Huron to Flint.

Soon enough, the water started to come to people's homes filled with pollutants and turned out to have lead in it. This began the filing of lawsuits, the protesting and the endless amounts of research to get clean water back to Flint.

This water issue comes to show that not taking care of your water over time can cause harsh consequences for yourself and others.

Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning is irreversible and has very negative neurological effects on the human body such as:

  • Lower IQ
  • Behavioral problems
  • Loss of developmental skills

Lead poisoning also has negative physical effects such as:

  • Abdominal pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney dysfunction

Children are at the most risk of lead poisoning because their bodies are still developing.

Lead poisoning is also Lethal if too much of it is in your body. The lethal dose of lead for children is 1250 micro-grams per liter.


Anti-corrosive agents were not added to the Flint water, which is against federal law and allowed the water to corrode the old lead pipes and put traces of lead into the already contaminated water.

The water was brown with lots of iron and other pollutants that aren't supposed to be in drinking water or water in general along with the unsafe amounts of lead.

The amount of lead in the flint water was from 2,000ppb (parts per billion) up to 13,200ppb. This is 200 to 1,300 times more than the standard 10ppb established by the World Health Organization and some testings exceeded the hazardous waste line of 5,000ppb.

In addition to the increase in lead ppb, the chloride levels in the water also went up by about 800%. This increase of chloride quickly corroded the lead pipes, putting lead into the water system.

The issue never got to the state or national level right away. It got attention when practically the whole city protested and complained about the water coming into their homes. This is probably because Flint is a struggling city is going through deep financial issues.

SIdes of the Issue

When the issue first rose, people were told that the water was perfectly safe; even the governor drank it, thus creating two sides of this issue. As the water problem progressed, the side thinking the water was safe realized that they were wrong about the issue, and began contributing to the problem as best as they can with all of their attention, thus creating one side, a side that wants to solve the water contamination issue in Flint.

The Solution

A solution to this crisis is to add an anti-corrosive agent to the water. This solution would cost approximately $90 per day and would have prevented 90% of Flint's water problems.

However, since that anti-corrosive agent was never added, Flint now has to fix and/or replace its lead pipes that are now putting lead into the water because of the corrosive water.