What's Inside the Wii console?

By: Ryan Ahdab

What is a Wii?

The Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo on November 19, 2006. As a seventh-generation console, the Wii competes with Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Sony's PlayStation 3. Nintendo states that its console targets a broader demographic than that of the two others.

-Nintendo

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The various components of the Wii

Casing

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The casing of the Wii is mainly composed of a C2H4 chemical formula, or commonly referred to as plastic. Plastic is mainly used in packaging (plastic bags,plastic films, geomembranes, containers including bottles, etc.). The plastic casing is used on the Wii, as it has substantial structural integrity, also, a pressure resistant casing that will protect the important components of the Wii, and the plastic is also a cheap and affordable casing unlike a graphite or aluminium one.

Interior components

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The interior components of the Wii make up around 90% of the console's mass. The interior components consist of hardware that processes

information,

saves data, and transmits data. These components are

generally

: transistors, capacitors, memory (RAM), electrical components, and internal processors or GPUs. It can be forsaken that the Wii has many components, components that are made up of elements, some of these encompass: Copper, Bismuth, Tin, Carbon, Iron, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulphur, Silicon, and Nickel. To conclude, the Wii is extravagant in its ability to harness a very powerful processor into its very sleek finish, please continue reading to find out more about the importance of the elements inside of the Wii.

Elemental Makeup of the Wii:

What is an element?

An element is a substance that contains only one type of Atom and can not be broken down into further compositions (in chemical means). Elements are believed to "make up" everything. This is true as scientists have discovered that different elements are able to fuse together to form many of the pure substances we know like Salt, which is formally known as Sodium Chloride or written as NaCl in chemical formulas.

Copper

Copper is the most important and efficient element in an electronic device since it conducts heat and electricity easily, unlike another element that does significantly hinder the electron flow.

The symbol for copper, Cu, comes from the Latin word, Cuprum which is the ancient name of the island of Cyprus. The Romans obtained much of their copper from Cyprus.

Bronze was one of the first alloys produced. It is primarily copper and tin. The two metals can be melted together rather easily. Humans discovered methods for making the alloy as early as 4000 B.C. Over the next thousand years, bronze was used for a great variety of tools, weapons, jewelry, and other objects.

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Bismuth

Bismuth is a soft, silvery metal with a bright, shiny surface and a yellowish or pinkish tinge. The metal breaks easily and cannot be fabricated (worked with) at room temperature. Its melting point is 271°C (520°F) and its boiling point is 1,560°C (2,480°F). Its density is 9.78 grams per cubic centimeter.

Also, Bismuth, when bound with Tin can make a very productive electrical fuse, extremely important and greatly sufficient in any electric device with a chance of electrical disruption or failure.

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Tin

The same can be said for Tin as it makes up the majority of the fuse due to its various physical properties such conductivity, malleability, lustre, softness, and its tetragonal crystalline structure. Tin is a highly workable metal that was once as valuable as silver for jewelry, coins, and special dishware. Today it is used as sheets in the construction of buildings and roofs, for soldering or joining metal parts, for storage containers, and in alloys like bronze and Babbitt metal. It plays a very important role in the integrity of the Wii as an alloy or coating, since its intrinsic softness precludes its use as a structural material.

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Steel (Carbon-Iron)

Moreover, another main component in the Wii is Steel which binds the various components into a sturdy sleek product. Generally, Steel is composed of an Iron - Carbon alloy which is why it is commonly used in buildings which strongly correlates to its advanced structural integrity. Also, it is very beneficial in devices to allow the device to be more powerful, compact, and sleek.

Rubber (Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulphur, and Carbon)

Finally, another common article mainly found in electronic devices is an insulator. In this case, rubber is added near the motherboard and other sensitive hardware of the Wii. The rubber is made up of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulphur, and Carbon. This mix allows the rubber to insulate or gain more electrons, subsequently protecting exceptionally important hardware components from any harm done by strong voltages and exceedingly fast currents.

Silicon

Transistors are made of chemical elements in Group IV in the periodic table of elements. Most commonly Silicon is used; Germanium is less common. This because silicon is Soluble in hydrofluoric acid and alkalis, Melts at 1417°C, Boils at 2600°C, and is a semi-conductor. These physical properties allow for the most ameliorated performance and the most proficient transfer of data that is essential for the console to run.

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Paper ( carbon, hydrogen and oxygen)

Using paper in an electronic device may seem rather odd, but may prove differently in the case where capacitors (A capacitor originally known as a condenser is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store electrical energy temporarily in an electric field). are used in the electronic device, which is a device used to store an electric charge, consisting of one or more pairs of conductors separated by an insulator. The paper is used as an insulator, where two pieces sandwich a conductive material to protect sensitive hardware or allow the electrical charge to be held productively.

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Nickel

Nickel-containing materials play a major role in our everyday lives – food preparation equipment, mobile phones, medical equipment, transport, buildings, power generation. The reason for the use of Nickel in the Wii remote is because the element has an exceedingly robust corrosion resistance, toughness, infamous strength at high and low temperatures, and a range of special magnetic and electronic properties. Nickel is widely used in a magnitude of different arrays, but why? Nickel is primarily used for the following properties: Melting point of 1452° C, boiling point of 2732° C, Nickel is not very reactive, and it tarnishes very slowly when exposed to oxygen at room temperature.
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Where are all of these Elements found?

Most of the metals that we have discovered are usually mined or found beneath the earth's surface. This is because they had formed as a cause of pressure and heat which can be extensively found beneath the Crust of the Earth. Some countries may reside in an area that is considered an elemental haven, this means that there is a higher chance of finding an abundance there than elsewhere. Furthermore, Non-metals are usually found in rocks, different types of terrains, and even in the air we breath.Therefore, the location of the wide range of elements varies as one place may have an excess of that element, and the other may have a deficit.

Copper

The largest copper mine is found in Utah (Bingham Canyon). Other major mines are found in Arizona, Michigan, New Mexico and Montana. These places are considered Copper havens due to the region's geographical location, which allows it to harbor mass amounts of copper. Generally, Copper can be extracted from its ore by heating it with carbon which, allows it to be efficiently extracted.

Bismuth

Bismuth is a relatively rare metal found in the earth's crust close to the proximity of abundance as silver and almost never occurring in the native state. It is usually associated with copper, lead, tin, wolfram, silver, and gold ores. The Bismuth is commonly found near the Earth’s crust as a cause of the very high temperature and pressure occurring in proximity to the Earth’s Crust. Bismuth is extracted from its ores by dry, wet, or electrometallurgical methods. The most common being the dry method, which involves heating the ore until it is just sufficient to melt the bismuth, or by a complete fusion of the ore.

Iron

Iron is the fourth most abundant element in the earth's crust, of which it constitutes about 5% by weight, and is believed to be the major component of the earth's core, evidently foreseeing that it is also found in the Earth’s Crust as a cause of the extensive period of lithification. The extraction of Iron occurs by using a device termed as a blast furnace to remove the oxygen from the Iron,leaving the pure Iron behind.

Carbon

Carbon is immensely common in almost every product or natural organism, cycling through living things, the land, ocean, atmosphere, and even the Earth’s interior. The fast part of the cycle includes us from birth to death and decomposition in approximately 80 years. By decomposing any organic compound with the absence of oxygen, you are able to dehydrate the organic substance using H2SO4 (Sulfuric acid) and seemingly extract the carbon from the organic compound.

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is also found in abundance, generally in the atmosphere along with Oxygen, Carbon, etc. One method of extracting hydrogen is the use of the process called electrolysis, in order to separate the hydrogen and oxygen from water. This will seemingly allow manufacturers-to attain an abundance of hydrogen or oxygen.

Oxygen

Oxygen plays a very big role and is the essential fuel of many livings organisms and articles. Oxygen is the essential element that every organism requires to live or commonly “breath”, it is also found in some reserves underground uninterrupted until activated. It is estimated that around 43% of the Earth's Crust is made up of oxygen. The most common method of extracting oxygen from the air which makes up 21%of air, is processed by using fractional distillation, which separates the elements from each other by using their boiling points, Oxygen's being -183 °C.

Sulphur

Sulphur is found near hot springs and volcanic regions in many parts of the world, especially along the Pacific Ring of Fire (The Ring of Fire is a region in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur, due to the tectonic plate movements between two pacific plates). Sulphur is extracted by pumping super-heated steam down into Sulphur deposits until the element is melted, and later blowing out the molten Sulphur with a high concentration of compressed air.

Tin

Tin is found principally within the ore mineral, that is found in Asian national Malaysia, Bolivia, Indonesia, Thailand and Nigeria. It is mainly obtained commercially by reducing the ore with coal in an exceedingly reverberatory chamber.

Nickel


Most nickel that is mined for industrial use is found in ores such as pentlandite, garnierite, and limonite. The largest producers of nickel are Russia, Canada, and Australia. Nickel is also known as the twenty-second most abundant element on earth too. Nickel has various methods of extraction, although the most efficient and substantial method is the Mond process, which involves purifying the Nickel oxides, into pure Nickel by using the following procedures.


Nickel oxide reacts with Syngas at 200 °C to give nickel, together with impurities including iron and cobalt.


NiO(s) + H2(g) → Ni(s) + H2O(g)

2. The impure nickel reacts with carbon monoxide at 50–60 °C to form the gas nickel carbonyl, leaving the impurities as solids.


Ni(s) + 4 CO(g) → Ni(CO)4(g)

3. The mixture of nickel carbonyl and Syngas is heated to 220–250 °C, resulting in decomposition back to nickel and carbon monoxide:


Ni(CO)4(g) → Ni(s) + 4 CO(g)

Physical and chemical properties of Oxygen:

Physical Properties

Oxygen is a colorless, odorless, and is a tasteless gas. It changes from a gas to a liquid at a temperature of -182.96°C (-297.33°F). The liquid formed has a slightly blue-like color to it. Liquid oxygen can then be solidified or frozen at a temperature of -218.4°C (-361.2°F). The density of oxygen is 1.429 grams per liter. These physical properties of oxygen are very important in the Wii console, as the oxygen will add substantial density to the console, allowing the console to be far more abundant in terms of rigidness and structural integrity, also, the melting point is very low, which will allow the console to remain structurally sound in temperatures that do not meet with the melting points of the elements the Wii is composed of.

Chemical Properties

Oxygen is commonly known for “encouraging combustion”. That is, it helps other objects to burn. The combustion (burning) of charcoal is an example. Oxygen also combines with elements at room temperature. Oxygen can rust or tarnish various metals when it is exposed to them. Rusting or tarnishing is a process by which a metal combines with oxygen. Oxygen also reacts with many compounds. Furthermore, Oxygen is a non-metal which allows it to be easily bonded with other elements, being metals or non-metals. Oxygen is often known for often causing decay, which is the process of a living material combining with Oxygen. The products of decay are mainly carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). The chemical properties of oxygen help it to become much easier to fuse or bond it with other elements to form compounds, essential for the Wii to function. Some of these compounds include: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen (Paper), as well as Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulphur, and Carbon (Rubber).

Recycling Initiatives by the manufacturers of the Wii

“We offer a free and convenient Take Back Program for consumers and businesses that would like Nintendo to recycle their products for them. The Take Back Program uses a network of thousands of UPS locations across the country to ship the products in at no cost. We even will recycle a competitor's home console for consumers who have purchased a Nintendo system.”


-— http://www.nintendo.com/consumer/recycle.jsp


In today's modern era, many companies who manufacture and sell products are held responsible for recycling their products. Some of the terms they will have to meet to legally manufacture and distribute products, subjects them to have waste management solutions and ideas . A great example is Nintendo’s very erotic plan which will not only reduce

waste,

but also offer recompensation, by offering free recycling services, unlike their competitors who require a fee for recycling. By offering free services they are more likely to induce people into recycling their products.



*Disclaimer*

The actual recycling process of the Wii has not been released to the public, although there are recycling initiatives induced by the Wii's manufacturers that intend to promote people to recycle their old product with a system that involves shipping the ravage product to various UPS locations free of charge (psychological incitement), in order to be later shipped to the manufacturers where the parts will be refurbished and used for future console production.

Natural Resources Video

The following video will show how Humans abuse most resources in our modern era excessively. By portraying a scenario where all resources are taken for granted as well as a heavily polluted and littered planet. This video shows a strong message of encouragement about the use of resources, which I believe will have an immense impact on the global population if there are not enough resources to support everyone.

MAN

Communicative Aspects

Bohr-Rutherford Diagram of Oxygen

The following is a Bohr-Rutherford diagram of the Oxygen (O) Atom. This Atom contains 8 protons, 8 electrons, and 8 neutrons.
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Oxygen (Oxide) ion Diagram

The following is an ionic diagram of the Oxygen (O) Atom, formally Oxide Atom. This Atom contains 8 protons, 10 electrons, and 8 neutrons.
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Lewis Dot Digram of Oxygen

The following is a Lewis Dot diagram of the Oxygen (O) Atom. This Atom contains 8 protons, 8 electrons (Atom) and 6 valence electrons, and 8 neutrons. It can also be seen that in this Lewis Dot Digram of Oxygen there are 6 valence electrons.
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Oxygen's reactivity and binding aspects

Elements that Oxygen can easily react/fuse with include:

Oxygen, Hydrogen, Chlorine, Bromine, Fluorine, Sulphur, Selenium, Iodine, Phosphorus, and Carbon, and Iron. Oxygen commonly reacts with these since it is a non-metal, which actively reacts with non-metals and metals to form different compounds varying in efficiency and use.

Some of the ionic/molecular formulas Oxygen produces:


Acetaldehyde-18O CH3CHO 90 6

Acetic Acid-18O2 CH3COOH

Adipic Acid-18O4 HOOC(CH2)4COOH Ammonium Nitrate-18O3 NH4NO3

Barium Carbonate-18O3 BaCO3

Benzoic Acid-18O2 C6H5COOH

Benzophenone-18O C6H5COC6H5 90

Cadmium Oxide-18O CdO

Calcium Carbonate-18O3 CaCO3

Carbon Dioxide-18O2 CO2

Carbon Monoxide-18O CO

Carbonyl Sulfide-18O COS 90

Cyclopentanone-18O C5H8O

Dimethylformamide-18O HCON(CH3)2

Ethanol-18O C2H5OH

Glycine-18O2 NH2CH2CO2H


As you can foresee, these compounds are formed by fusing the Oxygen atoms with another element's atoms, varying from metals, non-metals, and even some metalloids which share the same properties of metals and non-metals, both in physical and chemical terms.

Therefore, Oxygen forms both molecular and ionic compounds, since it can be fused with a non-metal (molecular compound) and a metal (ionic compound), this is because Oxygen is a non-metal itself.

This documentary shows a segmented brief history, science, and the importance of the element, Oxygen, as well as the various uses and its importance. It explains how Oxygen is extracted, filtered, and how it is used in various terms, countries, and conditions.
The Best Documentary Ever!! - The Story Of Earth And Life

Conclusion

I would like to conclude by stating that the Wii is a very outstanding console that has made millions upon millions of dollars. And this success can be accredited to the very profound and sustainable product that is high in performance both in the short term (entertainment) and in the long term (recycling initiatives). Wii is definitely a console that has earned its spot on a very high pedestal, due to its countless efforts to provide its consumers with a very exemplary product that is sure to abridge anyone from their boredom.
Wii Trailer 1

Bibliography (MLA format)

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"Water Treatment Solutions." Copper (Cu). N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016. <http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/cu.htm>.


"Water Treatment Solutions." Bismuth. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2016. <http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/bi.htm>.


Iron Properties. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2016. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.elementalmatter.info%2Firon-properties.htm>.


"Dynamic Periodic Table." Dynamic Periodic Table. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016. <http://www.ptable.com/>.


"| Nintendo Product Recycling and Take Back Program." | Nintendo Product Recycling and Take Back Program. Nintendo, n.d. Web. 07 May 2016. <http://www.nintendo.com/consumer/recycle.jsp>.


Emsley, John. The Elements. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998. Print.


"Tin." Tin. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2016. <http://www.carondelet.pvt.k12.ca.us/Family/Science/GroupIVA/tin.htm>.


ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, n.d. Web. 09 May 2016. <https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/crust_(geology).htm>.