Temperate Grassland

Prentiss Albert

Climate

Temperate grasslands have hot summer and cold winters. Summer temperatures can be well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures can be as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit. They typically have between 10 and 35 inches of precipitation a year, much of it occurring in the late spring and early summer. Snow often severs as a resevior of moisture for the beginning of the growing season. Seasonal drought and occasional fires help maintain these grasslands.

Global Position

Located North of the Tropic of Cancer and South of the Tropic Capricorn.

(North and South are 23.5°

•Herbivore- Elephant


•Carnivore- Lion


•Omnivore- Jakal


•Detritovore- Snail


•Vascular Plant- Poaceae


•Nonvascular Plant- Linches


•Gymnosperm- Scots Pine


•Angiosprem- Mangoliophyta


•Mutulastic Relationship- Oxpecker


•Parasitic Relationship- Tapeworms


•Predatory Relationship- Bear


•Commensalistic Relationship- Cattle

Biome

•Population- All the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country

•Carrying Capacity- The number or quantity of people or things that can be conveyed

•Exponential Growth- Growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to the growing total number or size

•Density Dependant Factors- Limiting the size of a population whose effect is the dependent on the number

•Density Independent Factors- Such as weather and climate

•Hardy-Weinberg Principle- Also known as the Hardy-equilibrium, model, Theron, or law, states that allele and genotype

•Mutations- The action or process of mutating

•Gene Flow- Is the transfer of alleles or genes from one population to another

•Nonradom Mating- Occurs when the probability that two individuals in a population will mate

•Genetic Drift- Variation in the relative frequency of different genotypes

•Natural Selection- The process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survived and produce more offspring

Functions

•Stomata- Allows gasses such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and oxygen to move rapidly into and out of the leaf

•Root Hairs- Is to collect water and mineral nutrients present in the soil and take this solution up through roots and plants

•Roots- Helps minerals get throughout the plant

•Xylem- Transport water and solutes from the roots to the leaves

•Phloem- Transport food from the leaves to the rest of the plant

•Flowers- Reproduction beginning with pollination and fertilization

•Cones- They are part that keep the color the same

•Meristems- Rapidly dividing cells found at a plants root and shoots tips

•Seeds- It protects the seed on the inside like a coat

Parts Of Plants

•Sepal- Each of the calyx of a flower

•Petal- Each of the segments of the corolla of a flower

•Stamen- The male fertilizing organ of a flower

•Anther- The part of a steman that contains the pollen

•Pistil- The female organs of a flower

•Ovary- A female reproductive organ in which ova or eggs are produced

Living Things In Grasslands

•Bacteria- Escherichia coli

•Animals- Zebra and Rhino

•Protists- Paraluffispharea Tuba

•Fungi- Hygrocybe Coccinea

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