Canada in 2060

By: Vaishavi Sathyamoorthi

Into the future

Canada is one of the best countries to live in. It has a population of 35,871,000 currently. However, how will Canada be in 2060? We're talking about 45 years in the future! Will Canada have an increase in immigration or decrease? Will its demography be higher or lower? How would the lives of the first nations be then? Would their past be forgotten?

These questions may seem like a lot, but they all can be answered with just a few statistics and educational predictions.



Canada has one of the most successful and largest immigration programs in the world. Currently Canada accepts about 250,000 new immigrants on average per year. Canada allows immigrants based on the following criteria:

What kinds of workers will help the economy grow.

What type of jobs are available that are not being filled by Canadians.

What is the state of the Canadian economy.

What supports are available to help immigrants that get here.

Do they have family members here.

Are they refugees.

About 70% of the immigrants are economic immigrants, 20% immigrants are family class immigrants, and 10% are refugees and other immigrants.

About 40% of the current immigrants in Canada are people who have emigrated from the countries India, China, Philippines and a little bit of Pakistan. The reason why there are many immigrants from these countries are because they are all developing countries. The people that immigrate from these countries are usually economic immigrants that decide to have a better life. In addition, since Canada has a kind immigration program, they decide to immigrate into Canada.


In 2060, I believe that the immigration would definitely increase.

Canada has a moderate population compared to the population of the world. Since most of the population in Canada are the baby boomer's, in 2060 most of them would probably be dead. This would cause a huge decrease in Canada's population. To bring Canada's population back to normal, Canada would probably increase the amount of immigrants they would accept in 2060.

When baby boomer's retire before 2060, the government would have spent a lot of money on their retirement and their facilities. So, in 2060 after most of them are probably dead, the government would have people around their 20's or above 18 to immigrate into Canada, so they can increase their workforce.

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This chart shows the percentage of the population in each province. This data also shows that in 1993, Ontario had the most population and even 2 years ago, in 2013, Ontario had the most population. Ontario also has an increase of population from 1993 to 2013. If the population for all the provinces go in this rate, I believe that in 2060 the province of most settlement would be in Ontario.
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Immigration intake data from 1860-2010.



The baby boomer's are a major part of the Canadian population.

Baby Boomer's

After World War II there was a huge increase in population during the years 1945-1946. The population increased about 15%. This was the start of the baby boomer period (1946-1965). During this time period about 8.2 million babies were born. These baby boomer's are probably currently in between the ages 45-65. However, in 2060 the baby boomer's would either be really old or dead. This brings a huge difference in the future population.

Baby boomer's had a lower birth rate than their parents, so the population of their children wasn't as big as theirs.

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This graph shows the drastic difference of population during the baby boom time.
Canada's demographic and geographic shift
This video shows how baby boomer's retiring is an effect and now and how it would be a major effect in the future.

Current Canadian Population Statistics

We currently have a population of 35 million. Children less than 14 is about 16% of the population; Teens and youth greater than 15 and less than 54 is at about 54% and elderly's at the age greater than 55 is at about 30%.

The average population growth is at about 0.8%, with a birth rate at 1%; a death rate at 0.8%; and a net immigration at 0.6%.

The following chart shows all the current demographic indicators in the years 2011.

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This graph shows that the birth rate has been going down in the past except for the time of the baby boom period. I believe that this is so because as the years pass the economy becomes more developed and women are getting more educated. This causes the birth rate to go down, because not many woman decide to have as many babies,

In 2060, I predict that the percentage of the elderly would be the highest because currently the percentage of teens and youth is the highest, therefore, in the future they would be the elderly population; the teens and youth in 2060 would be the lowest percentage of population because the children under 14 are the lowest percentage now.

I also predict that the birth rate will get lower and lower as the years go by, and by 2060,it will stay at a constant rate because many women are now getting more educated and not have as many children.

As for death rate, I predict that it would increase because as the years progress to 2060 the baby boomer's would start to die which would be a huge increase in the death rate, just like how there was a huge increase in the birth rate when the baby boomer's were born.

I predict for the natural increase rate that it would go down because the difference between the birth and death rate would decrease according to my previous predictions.

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This chart shows how the birth rate will decrease by 2060; how the death rate would increase by 2060 and how the natural increase rate would decrease as well by 2060

First Nations


Data from the National Household Survey shows that the aboriginal people represent 4.3% of the total Canadian population.

Most of this population are younger people and that has been rapidly increasing. The population has increased 45% over the past 10 years.

The past also shows how the aboriginal population has been increasing. For example, in 1996, the population percentage of the Aboriginals was 2.4% compared to the whole Canadian population. In 2001, the population percentage of the Aboriginals was 3.3%. In 2006, the population percentage of the Aboriginals was 3.8%. Finally, the population of Aboriginals increased 20.1% from 2006-2011. This data shows the increase of the aboriginal population through the years. As a result, the birth rate of the Aboriginals is definitely getting higher.

First Nations People

  • According to 2011 statistics, there are about 855,000 First Nations in Canada. That is about 60% of the Aboriginal population and 2.6% of the Canadian population.
  • Between 2006 and 2011, the First Nations population increased by 22.9%.


  • According to 2011 statistics, there are 451,795 Métis. This was 32.3% of the Aboriginal population and 1.4% of the Canadian population.
  • The Métis increased by 16.3% between the years 2006 and 2011.


  • According to 2011 statistics, There are about 59, 445 people that are Inuit. That is 4.2% of the Aboriginal population and 0.2% of the Canadian population.
  • The Inuit increased by 18.1% between 2006 and 2011.
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This chart shows the annual population growth between the Aboriginals. In this graph it clearly shows that the Non- Status Indians are the ones that are growing the most as years pass by.

Aboriginals in the past were not treated well at all. They were put into residential schools that "took the Indian out of them".

Kids were taken away from their families and put into these residential schools at a very young age. When these kids came out of these schools, they would totally forget their culture and adapt to the Euro-Canadian culture.

During the years of schooling, many of the kids would be abused and assaulted by the staff in the school. As a result, Many kids have died during the years of schooling in the residential schools. These residential schools started at about 1870 and ended at about 1996.

Currently, this past has not been forgotten by many of the Aboriginals because some of the kids that were in those residential schools are still alive. Since, the history of these Aboriginals was so unforgettable, those kids are not able to forget it.

Many people nowadays look at the Aboriginals differently. They see them as people that don't fit in. They judge them based on what they heard was their past. When we think of Aboriginals we think of them wearing face masks and big hats and weird clothing. These are the types of stereo types that have been developed about the Aboriginal people currently.


In the future I predict that the population of the aged people would be extremely high because of the rapid increase in the young generation currently.

However, I also predict that the younger population in 2060 would also increase because the growth of younger people now might still continue in 2060 as well.

If the increase rate of the aboriginal population continues in this rate than I predict that the population of Aboriginals would definitely get higher in 2060.

In 2060, I believe that the population of the First Nations would be the highest because currently they have the highest increase compared to the Inuits and the Métis. After that it would probably be the Métis because they represent the second highest percentage of the aboriginals. Even though the Inuits increase is higher than the Métis, the Métis still currently have a higher population.

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This graph supports my opinion on how the aged population of Aboriginals would increase.
In terms of the social reputation of the Aboriginals, I believe that in 2060 they would be more socially accepted. I believe this because education gets more advanced as years go by and nowadays more people are getting more educated on the residential schools and how much racism the Aboriginals have been going through. Due to this, in 2060 I think that people would be more welcoming of the Aboriginals and not judge them because they would be more educated.

I also think that the Aboriginals would not be as emotional about their past in the future because they wouldn't have any relatives that went through residential schools alive at that time. Accordingly, they wouldn't be as emotional about it as people currently are. However, they still would remember it but not create an issue about it.


These are all my predictions of 2060. Immigration would increase, birth rate would decrease, death rate would increase and First nations would increase as well. There would also be an increase in aged population. In conclusion, 2060 would be a great year!


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