Welcome to Botswana

7- Gabrielle

Geography of Botswana

Botswana is slightly smaller then Texas, with 4,013 km on the land. Botswana is hot year round, with scroching summers to warm winters. Some natural resources are diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, and silver. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone. The major river is Zambezi river. The major desert is the Kalahari desert.

The Okavango Delta is a river delta usually leads to the open sea. But in Botswana the Okavango River empties onto open land and floods the savannah.

Desertification

In Botswana there is a problem called desertification. Desertification is a process of an area becoming a desert. Vegatation and Plant life will eventually die. But it takes a really long time. Like in 100s of years. The Sahara and Sahel deserts are moving downward to Botswana every year!

History


1867- European miners begin mining in Botswana

1967- Diamonds were discovered at Opra

1996- Independence in Great Britain

1997- President Ketumile Massire retired after 17 years of service

1999- The country suffered it's first budget deflict in 16 years.

Culture of Botswana

Setswana and English are the main languages in the country. This is because the British has ruled for a long time so they are the Africans are using their culture. The main religion is Christianity with a bit of "extra beliefs" mixed together. The main people are Tsewna, and Kalanga.
Hymne national du Botswana

Government of Botswana

Botswana is a republic headed by a president. The National Assembly, the country's chief legislative body, elects the president to a five-year term. Assembly elections must be held at least once every five years. Citizens who are at least 18 years old may vote. The president selects a cabinet from the National Assembly. The House of Chiefs, made up of the leaders of the nation's major ethnic groups, advises the government on matters on ethnicity. Botswana has several political parties. The Botswana Democratic Party is the most powerful.

Economy of Botswana

Botswana has a stronger economy than most African nations. Since the late 1960's, the country's economy has developed rapidly. Diamond mining is Botswana's leading industry, and Botswana is one of the world's largest diamond producers. Botswana also mines coal, copper, gold, salt, and soda ash. More than a fourth of all Botswana's workers are farmers. Cattle, which are raised for both beef and milk, are the leading agricultural product. Farmers also raise chickens, goats, and sheep. Botswana's leading crops include beans, corn, sorghum, and sunflowers.

Top 5 places I would like to visit

  • Gemsbok National Park
  • Khana Rhino Sanctuary
  • Mokolodi Nature Reserve
  • Tswapong Hills
  • Matsieng Footprints