Biome Taiga Project

By- Madelyn West

Taiga Biome Description

Location-It extends in a broad band across North America, Europe, and Asia to the southern border of the arctic tundra. It is also found at cool, high elevations in the more temperate latitudes, for example, in much of the mountainous western region of North America.

General Characteristics- Taiga is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches. The taiga is the world's largest terrestrial biome.

There is lots of trees known as the Conifer and the Cone-bearing tree.

Taiga Biome Abiotic factors

Weather and Climate- Long, cold winters, and short, mild, wet summers are typical of this region. In the winter, chilly winds from the arctic cause bitterly cold weather in the taiga. The length of day also varies with the seasons. Winter days are short, while summer days are long because of the tilt of the earth on its axis.

Temperature- Winters lowest is -65ºF (-54ºC) and winters highest is 30ºF (-1ºC). Summers lowest is 20ºF (-7ºC) and summers highest is 70ºF (21ºC).

Precipitation-In the winter the average air temperature is warmer than it is for tundra, which lies north of the taiga. The taiga climate has an average annual rainfall of 12 - 33 inches (30 - 84 cm). Most of it falls in the summer as rain.

Landforms-Much of the Tundra Cordillera Ecozone is characterized by steep, mountainous terrain consisting of a series of sharply etched ridges and narrow valleys. Other features include rolling foothills, upland plateaus, and low-lying basins.

Mountains-Mountain tundra is significantly altered throughout the ecoregion, except in certain protected areas. Middle and southern-area taiga zones are also heavily altered but northern taiga landscapes are still relatively well preserved.

Bodies of water-Some bodies of water in the taiga. Some bodies of water in the taiga would be lakes, streams, creeks and a few small ponds that fish and some phytoplankton might live in.

Taiga Biome Biotic Factors

Plants- the taiga has less diversity in plant life. The most common type of tree found in the taiga is the conifer, or cone-bearing tree. Conifers, also known as evergreens, include pines, spruces and firs.

Animals-Mammals living in the taiga include foxes, lynxes, bears, minks, squirrels, while larger ones include grey wolves and their preys: caribou, reindeers and moose. In winter, wolves hunt these herbivores in packs, often dividing themselves into two groups to encircle their preys before attacking them.

Taiga Biome Ecological Concerns or Issues

Taiga Biome Ecological Concerns or Issues

Catastrophic events- Fires,Winds,Hurricanes,Ice Storms, and Natural events are flood.

Human Impact- Humans have negative impacts on areas of this biome and may continue to negatively affect it in the future.