Leadership and the Civic Ideal PBL

By: Gwen Litwak

What is effective leadership?

Effective leadership is someone or a group of people that leads by example and other people just tend to follow because they believe what they do is the right thing. The idea of effective leadership has happened many times in history and continues on into today's world. The Lord of the Flies shows effective leadership with Ralph and Jack. Adolf Hitler was an effective leader, even though he was a terrible person. ISIS are also effective leaders even though they are doing things that are wrong.

How do the characters in Lord of the Flies show effective leardership?


In the beginning, Ralph was voted as leader by the boys. He seemed to have qualities that would make him a good leader. He is decently intelligent and shows common sense. He is a natural diplomat and leader. He thought of the meeting place, fire and the huts. His idea of democracy and letting everyone have a say showed a very good way to keep the boy engaged and approve of his ideas. With these qualities, he should have been a great leader, if not for the temptations of savagery.

"I'm chief. We've got to make certain..." (pg. 108)-

Ralph used his power to have the boys follow his directions, because they needed to be done. But as an effective leader, he did not misuse his power, that helped to ensure that the boys liked him, at least until Jack took control. Misuse of power is a sure way to a riot or uprising.


Jack was also an effective leader, even though he was evil and corrupt. Jack appealed to the boys. He knew that they would all rather hunt than do jobs and work to be rescued. He used this to his advantage when trying to get the boys to join his tribe and leave Ralph. Jack also had experience in being a leader, unlike Ralph. He had been the head choir boy and knew how to control people. Jack knew how to get the boys to what he wanted by having punishments, his power and experience. Even though he didn't use his power for good, they way he executed it was very effective. Within days he had all the boys on the island, besides Ralph, under his complete control. No one dared to disobey him.

"I gave you food," said Jack, "and my hunters will protect you from the beast. Who will join my tribe?" (pg. 83 in online book)-

Jack rules the boys by intimidation. he know that they would all rather hunt, have food and play than be rescued with Ralph. He is assertive and speaks in a manner no one would want to question. The boys are all too afraid to do anything, just how Jack wanted it.

Historical Event: Hitler

In the early 1930's Germany was in a state of devastation after World War I. They needed a new leader desperately. When Adolf Hitler came into the picture, he promised change, he appealed to the public. He would make their army stronger and make Germany better. He would decrease the rate of unemployment. He was appealing to people's emotions more than reason. Hitler was also a very good public speaker, making it easier to sell his ideas to the public. "He learned how to become a charismatic speaker, and people, for whatever reason, became enamored with him," Bruce Loebs told the Business Insider. His followers were amazed at the new Germany he promised, not knowing what he really had in store.

Current Event: ISIS

ISIS ( Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) was formed in 1999 and stands with Al-Qaeda. They are effective leader, they control people with various forms of cruel punishment. They have been responsible for many bombing, shootings and attacks. The most recent one being the Paris attacks. ISIS has gained control over of parts Iraq and Syria. They efficiently lead their followers because they say that they need them, and that they are doing the right thing. "Some are thrill seeking, some are seeking redemption.” says John Horgan, a psychologist and professor at the University of Massachusetts Lowell’s Center for Terrorism and Security Studies to the International Business Times. The leaders of ISIS can efficiently lead their members because they want to be there, they want to be apart of ISIS. It is their religion. But whatever their motive may be, after they join they are controlled by fear as well. If you do one thing wrong, you could be killed. This keeps everyone in their place and there would be no uprising. Even though what ISIS is doing is terrible and wrong, they can effectively lead their followers



Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. N.p.: n.p., 1954. Print.

- - -. "LOTF-Ebook." N.d. Digital file.

"Why Hitler Was Such a Successful Orator." Business Insider. N.p., n.d. Web. 15
Nov. 2015. <http://www.businessinsider.com/

"Syria Iraq: The Islamic State Militant Group." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 15
Nov. 2015. <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-24179084>.

Banco, Erin. "Why Do People Join ISIS? The Psychology of a Terrorist."
International Business Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.


"Ralph from Lord of the Flies." ThinkLink. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.

"Jack from Lord of the Flies." Weebley.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.

"Hitler Speaking to Crowd." Strange History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.

"Kobani Map." News Channel 4. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015. <http://kfor.com/