World Religion Project

By: Laura Herrera

Christianity

Brief History

Christianity began when Jesus Chriist came into the world as our Lord and savior. Throughout his life, Jesus did a lot of incredible acts by his 12 apostles, as well as others. This is in the 2nd part of the bible called the New Testament. Although Jesus did incredible and amazing things, and people followed and loved him, there was still people who disliked him. Jesus eventually ended up getting crucified on the cross and died for our sins. When Jesus died, he rose 3 days later. Since his death and ressurection, Christians have follwed the teachings and stories of Christ in both the New and Old Testament, as a way of life.


Beliefs

  • The Christian God
  • Jesus Christ
  • The Holy Spirit
  • The Virgin Mary
  • Angels
  • Devil and Demons
  • The Seven Deadly Sins
  • The Devil
  • Afterlife
  • Heaven
  • Hell


Rituals

Baptism
Baptism is a physical representation of accepting Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior
Bible Study
Bible Study is studying the Words of God in depth
Prayer
Prayer is talking to God about anything in life, thanking him and asking him for different things
Sunday Service
Sunday Service is a weekly routine God commanded in the bible to gather in his place of worship and praise him as a community


Christians call their God, God.

Is Christianity Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

Christianity is Monotheistic, Christians believe in only one God.


Holy Book

The Holy Book for Christians is the Holy Bible.


Major Holidays

Christmas

Christmas is a holiday that celebrates when Jesus was born

Maundy Thursday

Maundy Thursday is a holiday that shows respect for Jesus Christ's Last Supper

Good Friday

Good Friday is when Jesus Christ was crucified on the cross. It is a holiday that reminds people that humans are considered to be good because of what happened that day.

Easter

Easter is a holiday that celebrates when Jesus rose from the dead.

What is Christianity?

Hinduism

Brief History

There is no recorded information as to excatly when Hinduism started. It is said to have started around 2000 B.C., making it one of the oldest religion in the world. Since it is a very old religion, the ancient writings have yet to be translated and it is unclear as to how this religion actually started.


Beliefs

  • Gods
  • Brahman
  • Shiva
  • Vishnu
  • Life is Sacred
  • Karma
  • Nirvana
  • Reincarnation


Rituals

Hatha Yoga

Hatha Yoga is a specific type of yoga that focuses on mental along with physical strength building exercises

Puja

Puja is a special ritual performed as an offering to special guests

Temple Rituals

A Temple is where Hindu's go to worship

No Animal Sacrifice

Hindu's do not believe in Animal Sacrifice

Hindu's call their 3 main Gods Brahman, Shiva, and Vishnu

Is Hinduism Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

Hinduism is Polytheistic. Hindu's believe in multiple Gods.


Holy Book

The Holy Book for Hindu's is The Vedas.


Major Holidays

Holi

Holi is a holiday that the festival of love and color

Dussehra

Dussehra is a holiday that celebrates the victory of Goddess Durga over the demons Mahishasur

Diwali

Diwali is a holiday that celebrates Rama's return from fourteen years of exile, and it also celebrates good over evil

What is Hinduism?

Buddhism

Brief History

Buddhism began when was a young prince named Buddha. He he had the idea that if you were good enough, you could get off the wheel of reincarnation. So he spent the rest of his life being very pure and kind. After he passed, his followers continued trying to be pure and good. People still today follow his footsteps and try to be very pure and good and are referred to as munks or nuns.


Beliefs

  • Purpose of life is to end suffering
  • Reincarnation
  • Four Noble Truths
  • Buddha is NOT a God
  • Meditation is very important
  • Our bodies are very precious
  • Karma


Rituals

Meditation

Meditation is when a person focus's on their own mind for a long time. Meditation usually happens in silence.

Mudras

Mudras are ritual gestures that are performed using the hands and fingers.

Prayer Wheels

Prayer Wheels are wheels that when you spin them, they have the same effect as reciting the prayer out loud.

Mantras

Mantras are sacred sounds that are believed to have special/supernatural powers

Buddhists do not believe in a God

Is Buddhism Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

Buddhism is neither. Buddhists do not believe in a God.


Holy Book

The Holy Book for Buddhists is the Tripitaka.


Major Holidays

Uposatha

Uppsala is a holiday when Buddhists have a day if observance

Sangha Day

Sangha Day is the holiday that honors the Buddhist community

Vesak

Vesak is a holiday that celebrates Buddha's birthday

Asalha Puja Day

Asalha Puja Day is a holiday that celebrates Buddha's first sermon

Sanghamitta Day

Sanghamitta Day is a holiday that honors Sanghamitta traveling to Sri Lanka to spread the Dhamma

What Is Buddhism?

Islam

Brief History

Islam began in the 6th Century of Common Era in Arabia. Islam's believe that Jesus and Moses did exist and were important, but they believed that Allah was the main and only God. They would do anything to please him, because it is said that if you pleased him you would have a good afterlife. Along with that, they believed that Mohammed is Allah's prophet.


Beliefs

  • One God (Allah)
  • Afterlife
  • Pray 5 times a day
  • Muhammad is the messenger of Allah
  • 5 Pillars of Islam


Rituals

Prayer

They must pray 5 times a day

Ramadan

Ramadan is when Muslims fast for a month, and is one of the 5 Pillars of Islam

Hajj

Hajj is when Muslims go to Mecca once a year and praise Allah

Paying Zakat

Paying Zakat is giving money to the poor, and giving money to charities

Islam's call their God Allah

Is Islam Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

Islam is Monotheistic. Islam's believe in only one God.


Holy Book

Islam's Holy Book is The Quran


Major Holidays

Muharram

Muharram is a holiday that celebrates the Islamic New Year

Mawlid al-Nabi

Mawild al-Nabi is a holiday that celebrates Muhammad's Birthday

Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is a holiday celebrating the end of Ramadan

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is holiday honoring how Abraham was willing to sacrifice his first born son


What is Islam?

Judaism

Brief History

Judaism began 4,000 years ago, and is one of the oldest religions. The founder of Judaism was Abraham and he the father of Jewish poeple. Moses, is the person who freed the Jews from Egypt. He had the Torah and gave it to the Jewish people to have.

Beliefs

  • There is only one God
  • The prophets words are true
  • There will never be anotherTorah
  • The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses
  • The Messiah will come
  • Resurrection


Rituals

Brit Millah
A Brit Millah happens on the 8th day of life and is the ritual removal of the foreskin of a baby boy.
Brit Hayyim/Brit Bat.
A Brit Bat is the naming ceremony of a baby girl.
Bar Mitzvah
A Bar Mitzvah is a ceremony celebrating a 13 year old boy going into the community of adulthood.
Bat Mitzvah
Bat Mitzvah is a ceremony celebrating a 13 year old girl going into the community of adulthood.
Kiddushin
Kiddushin is a Jewish Wedding ceremony.
Funeral

Funeral is when Jewish people have funeral practices.

Is Judaism Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

Judaism is Monotheistic. Jewish people believe in only one God.


They call their God YHVH

Major Holidays

Rosh Hashanah

Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year

Sukkot

Sukkot is a harvest celebration that usually happens in October and last for 8 days. Usually people will not work at the beginning and end of this holiday.

Shemini Atzeret

Shemini Atzerett is a holiday that celebrates the victory over the Syrians by the Maccabees in the 2nd century B.C.E.

Simchat Torah

Simchat Torah is a holiday that celebrates the end of the annual cycle of the public Torach readings and the start of a new cycle.

Hanukkah

Hanukkah is a holiday that is 8 days long that honors the rededication of the Holy Temple during the time of Maccabean Revolt.

Pesach

Pesach is a very important holiday that honors the delivery of Jewish people in Egypt from slavery.

Purim

Purim is a holiday that celebrates the delivery of a Jewish people as it was told from the Book of Esther.

Shavu'ot

Shavuot is a holiday that celebrates God's gift of the Torach. It also celebrates the new spring harvest season.

What is Judaism.mov