News for Equality
RAID ON HARPER'S FERRY, BROWN TO BE HANGED
John Brown an active abolitionist has launched a failed attack to take over Harper’s Ferry in West Virginia. He was captured with his few supporters and was sentenced to be hanged on December 2, 1859. He was tried for treason and the insurrection of slaves. He planned to have hundreds of escaped slaves join him and help him win, unfortunately for Brown, no slaves appeared. Perhaps they sensed the raid would be a flop. Brown talked to Frederick Douglass a free slave and Harriet Tubman or “Moses” as some call her trying to get them to join in on his daring mission. Douglass told him that he would not come out alive and denied to join in while Tubman agreed but was too ill on the day of the raid. Perhaps this was fortunate for the famous Underground Railroad Conductor judging on the sad turnout and the demise of Brown’s followers.
Brown saw the cruelties of slavery from the age of 12 when he saw an enslaved African- American boy brutally beaten. This haunted him for the rest of his life. Since then he’s been dedicated to the idea of freeing enslaved people using violence. Brown worked on the Underground Railroad and gave some land to free African- Americans even though he experienced some financial problems occasionally. Eventually he began formulating the violent attack on Harper’s Ferry. He and his 21 followers overtook Harper’s Ferry for two days until General Lee and his army took back the fort. They captured Brown and his men, who were sentenced to death. It was as Douglass predicted; Brown would not come out of the raid alive. Brown remained defiant, even in front of the court stating that his actions were justified. Many believed that Brown's mental health was questionable due to his actions. John Brown, born in Torrington, Connecticut on May 9, 1800 was executed at the age of 60. In the attack he lost two of his sons, a devastating blow to the extremist.
How did the War Start?
NORTH VS. SOUTH
Civil War Begins
Fort Sumter - Our country has now gone into CIVIL WAR. The attack on Fort Sumter by the Confederacy on our Union has sparked a flame. On April 12th, 4:20 AM, the Confederacy attacked the Union army that was harbored there. When South Carolina seceded from the Union, Maj. Robert Anderson and his 85 men positioned themselves at Fort Moultrie, near the mouth of the Charleston Harbor. Fearing that his men and him were in danger, Maj. Anderson moved to Fort Sumter, where they soon began to run out of supplies.
On March 4th, Anderson reported they had 6 weeks of food left and the Confederates’ patience was running out with an enemy on their land. On April 11th, the Confederates asked the Union troops to surrender. When surrender was refused, they opened fire the next day, starting the war.
Who has the upper hand?
Philadelphia- The Union has the numerical advantage. The Union has more men of age, ready to fight. It is about a two to one ratio. Because of how the land was less fertile than the land in the Confederacy, the Union has more industrial strength. Therefore, they were able to create more complex and advanced weapons like cannons. But the South didn’t give up. They harvested brass from households, to make their own weapons. The Confederacy had the advantage of experience. Not only were most of the experienced generals, Southern, 7 out of 8 military colleges were in the South. This looks to be an interesting war. Numbers vs. Experience.
A Country in Turmoil
Washington D.C.- No matter what happens, at the end of this war, the country will be in pieces. If the South wins, our country will still be split in two. If the North wins, the Southern states will rejoin the Union and we will have to work towards that trust and connection. We will also have to grow accustomed to treating blacks as our equals instead of our slaves.
The two flags clashing
INTERVIEW WITH LINCOLN'S ASSASSIN
BLOODSHED IN ANTIETAM
A major battle took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland. On September 17, 1862 the Confederate army led by General Lee launched an attack on the Union forces which were led by General McClellan. The battle is known as the Battle of Antietam to Northerners and the Battle of Sharpsburg to Southerners. This battle will be known as the single bloodiest day in American history with over 24,000 men killed, captured, or wounded. The Southern army wanted to convince European countries to support their cause by winning a war on Northern soil while demoralizing the Northern spirit and convince Maryland to secede from the United States and join the Confederacy.
The battle had three phases, Dunker Church and Miller’s Cornfield, Bloody Lane or Sunken Road, and Burnside Bridge, the battle lasting the whole day. Eventually the war ended with an unclear victory for the Northern army with General Lee’s retreat to Virginia. The battle, even though it wasn’t a clear victory gave President Lincoln enough good news to issue the Emancipation Proclamation which was used to free many slaves. This was a turning point due to the fact that legally, many slaves were now free and were rushing up to the North, some joining the Union army. So far, Maryland did not secede from the United States.
NORTH CAROLINA AND THE CIVIL WAR
North Carolina is the last state that seceded from the United States and has proven critical to the Confederate States of America. She has provided many soldiers and generals to the Confederate army. Even with these numbers, some remain loyal to the United States, men are joining the Union army from North Carolina, many of them African American. General Sherman and his march to the sea includes a plan where he would stop in North Carolina to gather more troops before continuing to Richmond, Virginia. Sherman’s men faced resistance, but his men are capturing several cities in the southern state. As of now, it seems as if a surrender is bound to happen and Sherman will gain control of North Carolina.
The state officially joined the Civil War when legislators signed the Ordinance of Secession on May 20, 1861. North Carolina is the eleventh state to secede from the Union. The state had been ignored by the Union army. That changed when the Confederate army started defending the ports blockaded by the Union army. There is not much damage to the Capitol building as the Governor sent a peace delegation to General Sherman to request that the Capitol building be spared. Sherman complied.
- "Civil War." North Carolina History Project :. Web. 8 Jan. 2016.
- "North Carolina Historic Sites." NC Historic Sites. Web. 8 Jan. 2016.
- "North Carolina Historic Sites." The North Carolina Civil War Experience. Web. 8 Jan. 2016.
- "Battle Of Antietam." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online. Web. 8 Jan. 2016.
- Hughes, Chris. The Civil War. Blackbird Press, 2001. Print.
- Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 8 Jan. 2016.
- Map of Sherman's March to the Sea. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2016. <http://thomaslegion.net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/carolinas_campaign.gif>.
- John Brown. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2016. <http://a4.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,cs_srgb,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTE4MDAzNDEwNDY1MDMxNjk0.jpg>.
- Antietam Battle Map. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2016. <https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQuMlzKb134DUzfsGbrph9Mly2YELTdLXn5qn_hMxChnqzVNNFR>.