America, The Good And The Bad
by Hailey Powell
January 1, 1880 - The Panama Canal
June 1, 1880 - Population Increase
November 2, 1880 - New President
January 25, 1881 - Telephones
- Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company
July 2, 1881 - Assassination Attempt
- The 20th President of the United States, James A. Garfield, is shot by lawyer Charles J. Guiteau in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C.
July 4, 1881 - The Tuskegee Institute
- The Tuskegee Institute for black students training to be teachers opens under the tutelage of Booker T. Washington as instructor in Tuskegee, Alabama.
July 20, 1881 - Off to Reservations
In 1873, in what would serve as a preview of the Battle of Little Bighorn three years later, an Indian military coalition featuring the leadership of Sitting Bull skirmished briefly with Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. In 1876, Sitting Bull was not a strategic leader in the U.S. defeat at Little Bighorn, but his spiritual influence inspired Crazy Horse and the other victorious Indian military leaders. He subsequently fled to Canada, but in 1881, with his people starving, he returned to the United States and surrendered.
January 2, 1882 - The Standard Oil
May 6, 1882 - Chinese Immigrants
September 4, 1882 - Electricity
May 24, 1883 - The Eighth Wonder of the World
October 15, 1883 - Civil Rights
- The U.S. Supreme Court finds part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional, allowing individuals and corporations to discriminate based on race.
March 6, 1884 - Women Rights
July 4, 1884 - Liberty
November 4, 1884 - Cleveland
September 4, 1886 - Fort Bowie
- At Fort Bowie in southeastern Arizona, Geronimo and his band of Apaches surrender to Brigadier General Nelson A. Miles. This signaled the end of warfare between the United States Army and Indian tribes.
January 20, 1887 - Pearl Harbor
March 2, 1889 - Casa Grande
- Legislation signed by President Grover Cleveland sets aside the first public lands protecting prehistoric features at the Casa Grande ruin in Arizona Territory. These lands could not be settled or sold.
March 23, 1889 - Oklahoma Land Rush
- President Benjamin Harrison opens up Oklahoma lands to white settlement, beginning April 22, when the first of five land runs in the Oklahoma land rush start. More than 50,000 people waited at the starting line to race for one hundred and sixty acre parcels.
January 1, 1892 - Ellis Island
January 14-17, 1893 - Queen Liliuokalani
- The United States Marines, under the direction of U.S. government minister John L. Stevens, but no authority from the U.S. Congress, intervene in the affairs of the independent Kingdom of Hawaii, which culminated in the overthrow of the government of Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani.
September 16, 1893 - Cherokee Strip Land Run
- The fourth of five land runs in Oklahoma's dash, known as the Oklahoma Land Race or the Cherokee Strip Land Run, opened seven million acres of the Cherokee Strip. It was purchased from the Indian tribe for $7,000,000. Nearly 100,000 people gathered around the 42,000 claims that were available to the first person, with a certificate, to stake a claim.
November 7, 1893 - Women Votes
- Women in Colorado are granted the right to vote.
November 3, 1896 - William McKinley
- Republican William McKinley claims victory in the presidential election with a majority of Electoral College voters, 271 selected him over Democratic and People's Party candidate William J. Bryan with 176.
September 1, 1897 - The Era of the Subway
- The era of the subway begins when the first underground public transportation in North America opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
April 22, 1898 - Cuba
- The blockade of Cuba begins when the United States Navy aids independence forces within Cuba. Several days later, the U.S.A. declares war on Spain, backdating its declaration to April 20. On May 1, 1898, the United States Navy destroyed the Spanish fleet in the Philippines. On June 20, the U.S. would take Guam.
May 12, 1898 - San Juan
- San Juan, Puerto Rico is bombed by the American navy under the command of Rear Admiral William T. Sampson. Puerto Rico is overtaken by the United States between July 25 with its landing at Guanica Bay and August 12. These acts during the Spanish-American War would ultimately result in Spain deciding in December to cede lands, including Puerto Rico, to the United States.
December 10, 1898 - Peace Treaty
- The Peace Treaty ending the Spanish-American War is signed in Paris. The Spanish government agrees to grant independence to Cuba and cede Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.
September 6, 1899 - The Open Door Policy
- The Open Door Policy with China is declared by Secretary of State John Hay and the U.S. government in an attempt to open international markets and retain the integrity of China as a nation.
November 6, 1900 - Re-Election
March 2, 1901 - The Platt Amendment
September 6, 1901 - William H. McKinley is Shot
- President William H. McKinley is shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York while shaking hands with fair visitors, following his speech at the event on President's Day the day before. Anarchist Leon Czolgosz is arrested for the crime. On September 14, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as President upon the death of William McKinley from gunshot wounds sustained the week earlier.
November 8, 1904 - Theodore Roosevelt
- Theodore Roosevelt wins his first election for President after serving three years in the office due to the death of William McKinley. He defeats Democratic candidate Alton B. Parker, 336 to 140 in the Electoral College vote.
June 8, 1906 - Protection of Native American Grounds
- President Theodore Roosevelt grants protection to Indian ruins and authorizes presidents to designate lands with historic and scientific features as national monuments. This act, now known as the Antiquities Act, which would be utilized by Roosevelt to expand the National Parks system over his term was utilized for the first time on September 24, 1906 with the proclamation of Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming, an 865 foot volcanic column. On June 29, legislation by Congress would continue to expand the national park system when it establishes Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, preserving the most notable prehistoric cliff dwellings in the United States of America.
June 30, 1906 - FDA
- The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act is passed.
September 7, 1907 - Lusitania
- The RMS Lusitania, the largest ship at the time, is launched on its maiden voyage from London to New York. The ship would be sunk by a German U-boat in 1915 during World War I, costing 1,198 people their lives.
December 16, 1907 - Great White Fleet
- The United States Great White Fleet of sixteen battleships and twelve thousand men begin their first round the world cruise.
November 3, 1908 - William Howard Taft
- William Howard Taft is elected President, 321 to 162 Electoral Votes, over Democratic candidate William Jennings Bryan, who had twice before been defeated for the office by William McKinley in 1896 and 1900.