Daily Life With Type 1 Diabetes

by Nohemi Romo

What is type 1 diabetes?

Also called juvenile diabetes is caused by the decrease and destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. With no insulin to "unlock" the insulin receptor the glucose in the blood stream cannot enter the cell. Soon the glucose increases to cause high blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is usually early onset and happens in children and teens but can occur in adults.

Insulin to adjust blood glucose levels

-Insulin is a essential natural hormone the body produces in the pancreas to regulate blood glucose levels. But with type one diabetes is no longer produced efficiently. There are 20 types of insulin sold in the U.S that differ in how they are made, cost and need. Your diabetes team will help choose your type and way of delivery, most commonly a syringe on stomatch or side of thigh. (also can be a pen or a pump). A day could be like the following

-Usually: start with 3-4 injections of insulin per day for best control that depends on the blood glucose level. *should be timed with meals to effectively allow glucose to process

-Factors- Include diet, exercise, injection site/time, stress or illness

Blood sugar monitoring

A blood sugar monitor is a important tool for keeping diabetes in check and will give you blood sugar level at any time. Make sure to keep a log, either virtually or a hardcopy you can carry around.

How to check blood with basic a basic monitor *make sure to read instruction manual beforehand

1.Wash hands

2. Insert the test strip into meter

3. Use lancing device on the side of your finger to extract a drop of blood {tip- if using fingertip put on side of fingernail to avoid sore spots developing}

4. Blood glucose level will then appear on meter

Diet of a diabetic

There isn't a single universal diabetic diet and each person needs a individual plan by working together with their dietician or nutritionist.It can include calorie counting or specific meal plan lists. The basic guide lines are:

-Carbohydrates should be 45%-65% of daily calories

~best choices are: veggies, fruits, beans, whole grains, high fiber foods

-Fats 25%-20% of daily cal. *Limit transfats

~best choices are: olive, peanut and canola oils, fish, walnuts, low-fat dairy products

-protein 12%-20% of daily cal.

~best choices: fish, soy, poultry, limited red meats

-Sodium(salt)- limit to 1,500 mg/day or less to help maintain a balanced blood pressure

Professionals that can help you with your type 1 diabetes

Lifestyle tips

*Snacks are very important some good choices are:

-sugar-free jello, low-fat cheese sticks and nuts

-For low blood sugar: smarteez, fruit juice box

*Things to take along out of the house:

- Band aids for injection sites, alcohol wipes,

-Of course insulin and a blood sugar monitor

-Consider buying a medic alert bracelet it will really help in a emergancy

*No smoking or excessive drinking are more important now with a more chance for complications

*Stress: Diabetes management has a large impact on mental health. Loved ones of the diabetic and themselves must relax without losing control of management. The stress can increase blood sugar and decrease life quality. For resolutions or how to cope-

-Talk it out with family and close friends

-Talk to other fellow type one diabetics

-A support group or just laughing or having fun


Exercise has as much importantance as monitoring your blood glucose level. Strength exercise improves A1 levels in the body. About thirty minutes of exercise to stay fit a day can lower risks of diabetic complications like heart problems and clogged arteries. A great form of extercise for type 1 diabetics is aerobics that provide significant benefits. Such as an increased sensitivity to insulin caused by exercise lowering the body's need for insulin to create carbs.
Living With Type 1 Diabetes: Krisha | Type 1 Diabetes | Spoonful


1. Blood Glucose Testing: American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/?loc=lwd-slabnav

2. Diabetes Awareness | Learn About Feet | APMA. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://apma.org/Learn/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1405&navItemNumber=557

3. Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar - Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-management/art-20047963

4. Type 1 Treatment. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dlife.com/diabetes/type-1/diabetes-treatment