Alan Turing

Alan Turing was not a well known figure during his lifetime. But today he is famous for being an important British mathematician, who invented modern computing and played a big part in the victory over Nazi Germany in WW2.

Alan Turing was inspired to communicate more and also to become an academic success, when his friend Christopher suddenly died from tuberculosis. Turing wanted to believe that Christopher’s mind somehow lived on, it was a way to make him proud. This gave him determination and he wasn't going to give up.
With his determination he won a scholarship to King's College, and took the Mathematics degree. At 22, he was elected to a Fellowship. Alan was already on track for a great career in pure mathematics. But that's not what he chose to do in the future.

In 1936, Alan published a paper about the foundation of computer science.

He questioned and found out what it meant for a human to follow a instructed method to do a task, because of this he invented the ‘Universal Machine’ that could decode and do any set of instructions.