Heart Murmurs

By: Brieana Tabera & Tara Phan

What are Heart Murmurs?

They are sounds during your heartbeat cycle. A heart murmur can be heard by using a stethoscope. These sounds are made by turbulent blood in or near your heart.


Innocent heart murmurs do not have any signs or symptoms other than the murmur itself.

Abnormal heart murmurs have the following symptoms:

  • Poor eating & failure to grow
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Bluish color to skin
  • Chronic cough
  • Swelling or sudden weight gain
  • Enlarged liver & enlarged neck gains
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How is it Diagnosed?

Heart murmurs are diagnosed by a doctor detecting it during a routine check up while checking for other conditions. But, if it is a congenital heart defect it causes a murmur, it's often heard at birth or during infancy.

Who is it Most Common in?

It is most common in children and can eventually go away on it's own or stay for the rest of their life.

What Are Heart Murmurs? - Gira Morchi, MD

Treatments & Prognosis

Treatments all vary on the type of murmur a person may have:

  • Children with innocent murmurs do not need or require treatment.
  • But, abnormal murmurs may require treatment all depending on the severity of the murmur.
  • There is currently no medicine to cure heart murmurs.