Translation, Rotation, Reflection, Dilation
Rotation is the geometric act of rotating a shape or an object around an axis or center
Dialtion is a transformation (notation ) that produces an image that is the same shape as the original, but is a different size. A dilation stretches or shrinks the original figure. The description of a dilation includes the scale factor (or ratio) and the center of the dilation
Reflection is the geometric concept of reflecting or mirroring a shape over the X or Y axis
Invariant - A figure or property that remains unchanged under a transformation of the plane is referred to as invariant. No variations have occurred
Opposite Transformation - An opposite transformation is a transformation that changes the orientation of a figure. Reflections and glide reflections are oppositetransformations
Orientation - Orientation refers to the arrangement of points, relative to one another, after a transformation has occurred
Position Vector - A position vector is a coordinate vector whose initial point is the origin. Any vector can be expressed as an equivalent position vector by translating the vector so that it originates at the origin.