Cognitive Behavior & Behavior
Compare-Contrast of Cognitive Behavior and Behavior Therapy
Smilarities of CBT and BT
A Look at Behavior Therapy
- Applied Behavioral Analysis--which uses the ABC Model to change antecedents, behaviors and consequences
- Progressive Muscle Relaxation--which helps clients learn to cope with stress
- Desensitization--both systematic and in-vivo desensitization, as well as EMDR, are used for stress, phobias, and other anxiety provoking behaviors
- BASIC I.D. Assessment--which focuses on providing clients with a number of coping strategies for problem solving in everyday life (Herkov, 2015 & Corey, 2013).
A Look at Cognitive Behavior Therapy
- Cognitive Methods--especially when using REBT there is a strong focus on thinking, challenging, disputing, and interpreting
- Emotive Changes--which typically occurs in REI therapies, and focuses on changing the emotions they experience to be healthier and more adaptive
- Self-verbalization and Second-thought--which focuses on teaching clients a healthier and more adaptive way of thinking by replacing mal-adaptive thoughts with adaptive thoughts (Corey, 2013 & Spiegler, 2016)
Using CBT and BT Together
As an Example: Treatment of Procrastination
Procrastination is a behavior that directly relates to a cognitive process, namely emotional avoidance (Hubbard, 2016). Due to the emotional and cognitive side of procrastination CBT is likely to be the best choice of treatment. In order to treat a client for procrastination, using CBT, the therapist and client would first need to pinpoint the behavior that is causing problems: procrastination. Then there would be investigation and analysis as to what thought processes are used to justify the procrastination (Speigler, 2016).
To overcome the procrastination a client could follow SMART. SMART is a model that focuses on a Specific plan, Measurable, Achievable and Relevant goals that are Time-bound (Hubbard, 2016). This plan would allow the client to have attainable goals that were easy to measure, encouraging the client to continue therapy, as well as have model to follow in other aspects of life where there may be problem behaviors (Speigler, 2016).
CCPS. (2014). Behavior Therapy. Comprehensive Consultation Psychological Services, New York, NY. Retrieved from http://comprehendthemind.com/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-techniques/
Hillman, K. (2014). CBT. Psychology24. Retrieved from http://www.psychology24.org/how-everyone-can-use-cbt-to-be-happier-and-more-effective/
Corey, G. (2013). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (9th Ed.). Belmont, CA. Cengage Publishing.
Fields, R. (2013). Drugs in perspective. New York, NY: McGraw-Hills.
Herkov, M. (2015). About behavior therapy. Psych Central. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/about-behavior-therapy/
Hubbard, B. (2016). Procrastination: Getting unstuck with CBT. Retrieved from Cognitive Health Group: http://cognitive-behavior-therapy.com/help-procrastination-avoidance-getting-unstuck-cbt/
Spiegler, M. (2016). Contemporary behavior therapy (6th ed). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Wertheimer, M. (2012). A brief history of psychology (5th ed.). New York NY: Taylor & Francis Group.