Sulfuric acid, more commonly known as battery acid, is a powerful dehydrating agent, and is used to remove water molecules from organic compounds. It's powers as an oxidizing and a protonating agent are also quite strong. Finally, sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
Uses of Sulfuric Acid:
Sulfuric acid has a molecular formula of H2SO4. Sulfuric acid is used in the production of fertilizers, pickling iron and steel, and is a major chemical used in the production of methamphetamine
- In the 17th century, German scientist Johann Glauber prepared sulfuric acid when he burned sulfur with saltpeter (potassium nitrate), in the presence of steam.
- After several refinements, this method, called the "chamber process," remained the standard for the production of sulfuric acid for nearly 200 years.
- In 1831, Peregrine Phillips patented the contact process, which was a far more economical process for producing sulfuric trioxide and concentrated sulfuric acid.