Apartheid

Segregation in Africa

Where and When?

It was mostly in South Africa
1948-1993

What is Apartheid?

A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race. This system took place for over then 20 years! This system was created because people felt that it was needed to separate the whites and the blacks instead of the races mixing. The Great Depression and World War 2 brought many economic problems for South Africa. This made the government to improve and strengthen it's policies for racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan "apartheid." Their goal was to not only separate races, but to divide black South Africans along tribal lines in order to decrease their political power. The whites also felt that they were the "superior" race and needed to have control over the races.
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What was the Impact of apaetheid on the Non-Whites?

They were forced to work on harder jobs and was paid less. The whites got the better education and received better jobs that paid good money. The whites was forced to live on only 20% of the land. Where they lived didn't have electricity and sometimes even fresh air. They are not only were not allowed to have sport teams, but they had to carry identification every where they went. Many non-whites thrived for money and even a place to call home. They couldn't use public facilities such as bathrooms, benches, and water fountains.

How did the rest of the World Respond?

The other countries didn't like what was happening in the Southern most part of Africa. The other countries didn’t buy goods that South Africa produced with caused South Africa lose money. They also banned the country from participated on the Olympics.

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Who was Nelson Mandela?

Nelson Mandela is a South African anti-apartheid activist activist, revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first to be elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. HE became involved in the anti-apartheid movement and joined the African National Congress in 1942. For almost 20 years, he directed and organized a compaign of peaceful, non-violent defiance against the South African government and it's racist policies. In 1994, he elected the first black president for the country. He was a big role in ending the apartheid. He was arrested in 1962 for being the leader of the ANC. (African National Congress) Since this major event this brought apartheid to many countries attention. More people were coming aware of the horrible segregation in South Africa. On February 11, 1990 he was released from prison and elected president.
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Who was F.W. de Klerk?

In his first speech after assuming the party leadership he called for a nonracist South Africa and for negotiations about the country's future. He lifted the ban on the ANC and released Nelson Mandela. He brought apartheid to an end and opened the way for the drafting of a new constitution for the country based on the principle of one person, one vote