WORLD WAR 1 Bulletin

Headline News and Update from Europe

CAUSES OF WAR , ALLIANCE VERSUS CENTRAL POWERS

The causes of World War I, which began in central Europe in from July 1914 and finished in 1918, included many factors, such as the conflicts and hostility of the four decades leading up to the war. Militarism, alliance, imperialism, and nationalism played major roles in the conflict as well. The immediate origins of the war, however, lay in the decisions taken by statesmen and generals during the Crisis 1914 casus beli for which was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Austria-Hungary) and his wife Sophie by Gravilo Princip , an irredentist Serb.The crisis came after a long and difficult series of diplomatic clashes between the Great Powers (Italy, France, Germany, the British Empire, the Austria-Hungarian Empire and Russia) over European and colonial issues in the decade before 1914 that had left tensions high. In turn these diplomatic clashes can be traced to changes in the balance of power in Europe since 1867. The more immediate cause for the war was tensions over territory in the Balkans. Austria-Hungary competed with Serbia and Russia for territory and influence in the region and they pulled the rest of the Great Powers into the conflict through their various alliances and treaties.

Although the chain of events unleashed by the assassination triggered the war, the war's origins go deeper, involving national politics, cultures, economics, and a complex web of alliances and counterbalances that had developed between the various European powers since 1870. Some of the most important long term or structural causes are: the growth of nationalism across Europe, unresolved territorial disputes, an intricate system of alliances, the perceived breakdown of the balance of power in Europe, convoluted and fragmented governance, the arms races of the previous decades, previous military planning, imperial and colonial rivalry for wealth, power and prestige, and economic and military rivalry in industry and trade – e.g., the Pig war between Austria and Serbia. Other causes that came into play during the diplomatic crisis that preceded the war included misperceptiveness of intent (e.g., the German belief that the United Kingdom would remain neutral) and delays and misunderstandings in diplomatic communications. Australia too was in the war at Gallipoli against the Ottoman Empire. Which ended in deadly failure. Their main objective is to capture Constantinople and destroy forces from there.

Gases and new Inventions

Germans and Central Powers are putting Alliance down with Chlorine gases. The British troops have been overthrown with sudden gases from nowhere . With the invention of tanks. This was a key success of helping Alliance win


When did the War end?

The War had ended on 11 November 1918 . After the war, the Paris Peace Conference imposed a series of peace treaties on the Central Powers. The 1919 Treaty of Versailles officially ended the war.