My Tonga project

Landforms: Body of waters: plateaus: mountain ranges: plains:

Landforms:

*Tafani

*Niuafo'ou

*Kao


Body of water:

South Pacific Ocean


Plateaus: Zambia


Mountain ranges: On the west coast of south Aerona bordering Llanaowar and the northwest of the Erg Mirab.


Plains: none


Climate

Climate:

*Basically subtropical. The islands are in southeast trade wind area, the climate is cooler from May to December, when temperature seldom rises above 27 degrees.


Plants: Animals:

Plants:

*coconut palms, paper mulberry, tropical bushes, hibiscus and datura.


Animals:

*wide variety of fish, flying foxes

Natural resources

Crushed stone, oil, natural gas, coal and oil. They meet the hydrocarbon needs.

History

Language was not written down until the 19th century the early history of tonga is based on oral tradition. Around the 14th century the twenty-third king Kay'ulufonua while retaining his sacred power, divested himself of much of his executive authority, transferring to his brother Ma'ungamotu'a whom he there after called the Tu'i Ha'atakalaua.

European chronicles disclose that the island of Niuatoputapu was discovered by the Dutch navigators Jan Schouten and Jacob Le Maire in 1616

People and language

Ethnic: *Polynesian and European

Language: *Tongan and English.

Landuse

Arable land- land cultivated for crops like wheat maize and rice that are replanted after each harvest.

Permanent crops- land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest. Includes land under trees grown for wood or timber.

Other- any land NOT arable or under permanent crops; includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built on areas, roads barren land etc.


Religion and education

Religion: * Christianity combined with indigenous religious beliefs


Education: *most parents send their children to nearby primary schools. They learn a few basic subjects such as English, biology, and arithmetic. Eight years of primary school some are selected to attend highschool.

Traditions, customs, and food

Food: *In Main towns food is the occasion for a family gathering only at the end of the day. Otherwise food is consumed freely at anytime. Basic staples are root crops like Taro accompanied by fried or roasted meat or fish.


Tradition (marriage): *No explicit rules for marriage and couples are formed through reciprocal free choice. Social stratification discourage marriages between people of varsity different stoical status. Divorce is legal and not uncommon. During marriage they exchange mats, bark cloth, and food on the ceremony the bride and groom "wear their wealth"

Current issues and challenges

Current issues: * alot of people leave tonga because they don't have any work to do


Challenges: * increasing levels of dept. declining quality of education, rising levels of non-communicable disease such as diabetes and heart disease and limited employment opportunities.