Diabets

A diseases that result in to much sugar in the blood.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

Type 1 diabetes develops because the body's immune system destroys beta cells in a part of the pancreas called the islet tissue. These beta cells produce insulin. So people with type 1 diabetes can't make their own insulin. The pancreas normally adjusts the amount of insulin it makes based on your changing blood sugar.


Symptons and effects

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Bedwetting in children who previously didn't wet the bed during the night
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Irritability and other mood changes
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • In females, a vaginal yeast infection
  • How to detected type 1 diabetes

    Diagnosis of diabetestype 1 typically requires one or more blood tests. A fasting blood glucose test measures your blood glucose level after 8 hours of fasting (no food or drink, except water). This test is not always reliable, and tends to be more accurate in the morning.

    Treatment Type 1 diabetes requires treatment to keep blood sugar levels within a target range. Treatment includes: Taking several insulin injections every day or using an insulin pump. Monitoring blood sugar levels several times a day

    Type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's important source of fuel.
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    What causes type 2 Diabetes Obesity Being obese or overweight puts you at significant risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Four out of five people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. Prediabetes Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are above normal but have not reached the level needed for a diabetes diagnosis.

    Can type 2 Diabetes be prevented You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Stay at a healthy weight, eat well and be active. With these steps, you can stay healthier longer and lower your risk of diabetes.



    Symptoms and effects

  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Cloudy thinking
  • Irritability
  • Wounds that won't heal
  • How to detected it?

    Treatment

  • Medications
  • Nutrition therapy
  • Physical activity
  • Lifestyle measures to manage stress and other issues
  • Specialist care to prevent and treat complications
  • Bariatric surgery