DREAM INTERPRETATION THEORIES
BY: ALYVIA KUHL
The process of assigning meaning to dreams
There are 5 different dream theories
The Science of Sleep
SIGMUND FREUD developed the technique of dream analysis to connect a persons conscious and unconscious minds. His work was the first to establish that dreams were worthy of scientific study. He suggested that in dreaming the mind engages in the act of primary process. That is, the dreamers unconscious fears or desires that are transformed into dream symbols. The secondary process refers to repression of the impulses and symbols in the conscious waking mind.
1. Freud's wish-fufillment
Dreams provide a "psychic safety valve"- expressing otherwise unacceptable feelings; contain manifest (remembered) content and a deeper layer of latent content- a hidden meaning.
Some studies claim that women tend to have more peaceful dreams than men. But gender itself may not be the significant variable, rather family background that forms the all-important foundation of our dreams. Loving families will make an individual have a more warm dream life, and a disturbed family life has the opposite effect. Our brightest and most optimistic dreams usually occur when we are sad in our waking worlds, and its as if the peaceful dreams happen to inspire through these bad times.
Devil dreams with their lints to Satan, fear, and fertility may indicate a new phase in life, new beginnings, and fertilization rather than negative events. A father figure that appears in a frightening dream is likely to express notions of guilt. Confronting the devils and anxieties within our dream lives can facilitate the journey toward positive emotional well-being.
Research reveals that sleep is for making memories, and restoring and rebuilding our fading memories of the day's experiences. People trained to perform tasks recall them better after a night's sleep, or even a short nap, than after several hours awake. (walker and stickgold, 2006)