Bengal Tiger

Wyatt Eickmann

Basic Information

The Bengal Tiger, or Indian Tiger (panthera tigris tigris), Is the largest subspecies of the tigers, ranging from around 2000 to 2500 total. These tigers are 5-6 ft in length with a 2-3 ft tail. The bengal tiger is a carnivore meaning it only eats meat. They live from around 8-10 years.

habitat

Bengal tigers hunt to eat, so they need a way to blend into the environment to get close to prey to get the kill. Places like India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Burma have perfect landscapes that allow the tiger blend in and give it the advantage. The landscapes they are found in are Grasslands, rainforests, mangroves and forests

Danger to Habitat

Due to climate change and the change in sea level, the areas tigers are found are being destroyed. by 2070, it is expected that the number of tigers could drop to only 20 breeding tigers. the sea level would have risen by 28cm and the tigers habitat would be unlivable.
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Prey

Tigers hunt to eat, so they rely on certain animals to get food. Some of the animals include Sambar, Chital, Sika deer, Nilgai, Guar, Monkeys, civets, Porcupines, Even fish, frogs, crabs, monitor lizards, and snakes. When available and vulnerable, they will also eat baby rhino and elephant

Human impact

These tigers are being killed, their habitats are being taken away, these animals will go extinct. humans have poached tigers, they've visited their habitat for tours, they've even taken away their genetic diversity.

Cells of a tiger

cellular respiration

as all other animals and other Eukaryotic Organisms, the bengal tiger uses cellular respiration. this is how the tiger breathes. it takes in oxygen and other molecules to generate energy in the tigers cells and then releases carbon dioxide. through the cytoplasm and mitochondria, this can happen.

reproduction

The tiger sexually reproduces. Males are usually ready enough at 4 or 5 while the female is ready at 3 or 4. when in contact, they will usually smell each other, purr, even rubbing against each other is very common. once they determine they would like to mate with each other they will go at it multiple times and then the female will carry the cubs for 16 weeks before conceiving them. the male will leave the female to raise the cubs on her own until old enough to go out alone. sadly, many cubs don't make it very far in life due to starvation, killed by male tigers, and the mothers will instinctively nurse and care for the strongest to have the strongest live on.

Evolution

The Bangladesh Tiger is one of many Big cats in the world. They belong to the Panthera genus level which include jaguars, cougars, panthers, etc. The tigers also have many adaptations like the stripes on their back to help them blend in to the environment around them, their retinas reflect more light so they can see better in the dark, they can even hear infrasound which allows them to hear greater distances.